19. Juni 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Mehr als 65 Millionen Menschen weltweit auf der Flucht“ · Kategorien: Sudan, Syrien · Tags: , ,

Zeit Online | 19.06.2017

Laut UN müssen mehr als 65,6 Millionen Menschen aus ihrer Heimat fliehen oder werden vertrieben. So viele wie noch nie. Prekär ist die Lage in Syrien und im Südsudan.

Die Flüchtlingszahlen haben 2016 den höchsten jemals registrierten Stand erreicht. Laut des Jahresberichts des UN-Flüchtlingskommissariats (UNHCR) waren im vergangenen Jahr weltweit 65,6 Millionen Menschen auf der Flucht. Die UN registrierten damit einen Anstieg um 300.000 im Vergleich zu 2015, wo 5,8 Millionen neue Flüchtlinge registriert worden waren. Der Anstieg hat sich damit verlangsamt. Dennoch sei die hohe Gesamtzahl der Flüchtlinge „nicht zu akzeptieren“, sagte UN-Flüchtlingskommissar Filippo Grandi.

Am höchsten war Ende 2016 weiterhin die Zahl der Binnenvertriebenen: Die Zahl der Menschen, die innerhalb ihres Heimatlandes geflohen sind, lag den Angaben zufolge bei 40,3 Millionen – Ende 2015 waren es noch 40,8 Millionen. Syrien, Irak und Kolumbien stehen an der Spitze der davon betroffenen Länder.

Die Zahl der Flüchtlinge, die in andere Länder geflohen sind, war nach UN-Angaben Ende 2016 mit 22,5 Millionen Menschen weltweit allerdings höher als jemals zuvor. Hinzu kommen 2,8 Millionen Asylsuchende, die vom UNHCR separat erfasst werden.

Gemessen an der Gesamtbevölkerung waren die Menschen in Syrien weiterhin am stärksten von Flucht und Vertreibung betroffen: 2016 kamen nach Angaben des UNHCR fast 825.000 neue syrische Flüchtlinge hinzu. Damit flohen bislang 5,5 Millionen Syrer ins Ausland.

„Katastrophale Lage“ im Südsudan

Besorgniserregend sei 2016 aber auch die Situation im Südsudan gewesen, wo der „katastrophale Zusammenbruch der Friedensbemühungen“ im Juli zu einer Massenflucht geführt habe, erklärte das UNHCR. Bis zum Jahresende sei die Zahl der südsudanesischen Flüchtlinge auf 1,4 Millionen gestiegen. Seitdem seien noch einmal rund eine halbe Million neue Flüchtlinge registriert worden.

Der Südsudan war 2011 vom Sudan unabhängig geworden. Im Dezember 2013 entflammte in dem neu gegründeten Land ein bewaffneter Konflikt. Seitdem wurden bei Kämpfen und ethnisch motivierten Massakern Zehntausende Menschen getötet und mehr als 3,7 Millionen weitere vertrieben.

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The Guardian | 19.06.2017

One person forced to flee their home every three seconds by war and violence

UN figures show a record 65.6 million people were displaced in 2016, more than the population of Britain, and that half of all refugees are children

The number of people forced to flee their homes by war and persecution has risen to record levels for the third year running, with 65.6 million people displaced around the world – more than the population of Britain.

The latest annual global trends study from the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) reports that one person was forced to leave their home every three seconds in 2016. The number of people displaced last year was 300,000 higher than in 2015.

According to the report, refugee numbers were the highest ever in 2016, at 22.5 million, with the majority of people coming from Syria, Afghanistan and South Sudan.

Half of all refugees were children.

A further 2.8 million people sought asylum. Germany, which received 722,400 asylum claims, was the largest recipient of new applications, followed by the US, Italy and Turkey. At least 75,000 asylum claims were received from an unaccompanied child.

The vast majority of displaced people, 40.3 million, left their home but did not cross the border of their country. Syria, Iraq and Colombia – which has endured decades of conflict – had the largest number of internally displaced people.

Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, said the number of displaced people was unacceptable. “It speaks louder than ever to the need for solidarity and common purpose in preventing and resolving crises, and ensuring together that the world’s refugees, internally displaced and asylum seekers are properly protected and cared for while solutions are pursued,” he said. “We have to do better for these people.”

While the conflict in Syria was the greatest source of newly recognised refugees in 2016, at 824,000, the UNHCR report points to the crises in sub-Saharan Africa as a major concern.

The fastest-growing refugee population was spurred by the crisis in South Sudan, where peace efforts broke down in July 2016. This group, which was mostly children, grew by 64% during the second half of 2016, from 854,100 to more than 1.4 million. Elsewhere, large numbers of refugees fled Burundi (121,700 newly recognised refugees), Iraq (81,900), Eritrea (69,600), Afghanistan (69,500), and Nigeria (64,700).

“We are in an extremely difficult situation and ultimately the solution has to come from international states upholding their obligations and supporting refugees, but also helping to bring crises to a close,” said Matthew Saltmarsh, spokesman for the UNHCR.

The vast majority of refugees, 84%, were living in low- or middle-income countries, while one in three (4.9 million people) were in the least developed countries. Turkey continued to host the largest refugee population, with 2.9 million refugees at the end of 2016, followed by Pakistan, Lebanon and Iran. Lebanon, where one in six people is a refugee, continued to host the largest number of refugees relative to its national population.

Uganda experienced a dramatic increase in its refugee population, which doubled in 2016 to 940,800, with most new arrivals coming from South Sudan. Significant numbers of refugees in Uganda also came from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (205,400), Burundi (41,000), Somalia (30,700), and Rwanda (15,200).

Saltmarsh said the number of refugees is placing an enormous burden on the nations playing host. “That’s the primary reason why ourselves and our partners have been trying to shift the international focus towards supporting those host countries.”

The report warns that although the growth in the number of displaced people has slowed for the first time in recent years, large numbers of people are on the move. Last year, 10.3 million people were newly displaced.

At the same time, a further 189,300 refugees were accepted for resettlement across 37 countries, while many others returned home. Last year, around half a million refugees went back to their countries, while 6.5 million internally displaced people returned.

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