06. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „The Financial Journey of Refugees“ · Kategorien: Lesehinweise · Tags:

IHS | 09.2017

Executive Summary

The Financial Journeys of Refugees investigates what money and financial transactions can reveal about the journeys and experiences of forced migration. We examine money as a key node of the displacement experience: fueling transactions among formal and informal actors along the way; determining livelihood options; shaping or restructuring kinship networks; and coloring risks, vulnerabilities, or protective forces available to refugees. Our inquiry highlights these transactions and the power dynamics that unfold among refugees as well as between refugees and formal or informal authorities. Four specific areas of inquiry emerged during this study:
  1. How do refugees gather, move, store, spend, and make money along the journey of their displacement? How do their strategies lead to enhanced risk and/or self-protection along the way?
  2. How do financial transactions structure relationships among refugees, as well as between refugees and formal or informal authorities, such as smugglers, informal money transfer agents, and formal banking systems?
  3. How does the humanitarian system—and, in particular, cash assistance to refugees— shape the aforementioned financial transactions and relationships?
  4. What are the roles of refugee identity—in terms of gender, ethnicity, religion, and family status—and the documentation of that identity in shaping financial transactions, relationships, vulnerability, and coping strategies?


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04. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für The Central Mediterranean: European Priorities, Libyan Realities · Kategorien: EU, Italien, Lesehinweise, Libyen, Mittelmeer · Tags: , , ,

News Deeply | October 2017

This issue is freely available as both a PDF & eBook download.

by Daniel Howden


August 14 began calmly for Riccardo Gatti. On the first morning of a new search and rescue mission in the central Mediterranean, the former yachtsman turned activist walked the grayed wooden deck of the Golfo Azzurro, a trawler that has been stripped of its bulky fishing equipment to make space for life jackets and water bottles.

Its previous mission had tested everyone’s patience when several Italian ports refused to allow the vessel to dock and unload its rescued asylum seekers, a sign of the increasing political pressure on rescue charities such as Gatti’s Proactiva Open Arms. The only consolation had been that the ship’s unwanted cargo were in fact a trio of Libyan musicians who serenaded the crew as they searched for a safe port.

Now stationed 27 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, Gatti’s vessel was on standby for boats in distress. Instead they were approached by the C-Star, a vessel chartered by European anti-migrant activists. The Golfo Azzurro crew braced for a confrontation.

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24. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Philosoph Andreas Cassee: „Es gibt kein Recht auf geschlossene Grenzen“ · Kategorien: Afrika, EU, Lesehinweise · Tags: ,

derStandard | 24.09.2017

Der Schweizer Philosoph erklärt, wieso er für globale Bewegungsfreiheit ist und warum wir uns in die Lage eines abgewiesenen Flüchtlings versetzen sollten. Ein philosophisches Plädoyer für offene Grenzen

Interview Lisa Nimmervoll

STANDARD: „Über den Wolken muss die Freiheit wohl grenzenlos sein“, hat der deutsche Liedermacher Reinhard Mey gesungen. Sie möchten diese Freiheit quasi für alle Menschen auf den Boden, auf die Erde holen, denn Sie fordern offene Grenzen und globale Bewegungsfreiheit. Heißt das: Weg mit allen nationalen Grenzen?

Cassee: Gegen die Existenz von Grenzen habe ich nichts einzuwenden. Zwischen deutschen oder österreichischen Bundesländern existieren ja auch Grenzen, die festlegen, wo welche Jurisdiktion gilt. Eine andere Frage ist, ob an diesen Grenzen Grenzwächter stehen, ob also die Bewegung von Menschen über territoriale Grenzen kontrolliert wird. Meine Ansicht ist, dass es aus ethischer Perspektive kein Recht auf geschlossene Grenzen gibt.

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19. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Latest figures reveal more than 40 million people are living in slavery“ · Kategorien: Lesehinweise · Tags: , , ,

The Guardian | 19.09.2017

Forced marriage is included for first time in worldwide statistics that show ‘money and debt’ to be at the heart of the exploitation

An estimated 40.3 million people were victims of modern slavery in 2016, a quarter of them children, according to new global slavery statistics released today.

The figures, from the UN’s International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Walk Free Foundation, show 24.9 million people across the world were trapped in forced labour and 15.4 million in forced marriage last year. Children account for 10 million of the overall 40.3m total.

The 2017 Estimates of Modern Slavery report calculates that of 24.9 million victims of forced labour, 16 million are thought to be in the private economy, 4.8 million in forced sexual exploitation and 4.1 million in state-sponsored forced labour including mandatory military conscription and agricultural work.

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14. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Still Moving Europe · Kategorien: Balkanroute, Lesehinweise · Tags:

Still Moving Europe
Resistance Along The Balkanroute
herausgegeben von Moving Europe

> Download als pdf
> Bestellung der Print-Ausgabe unter info@ffm-online.org

Aus dem Vorwort

It was not by accident that we chose ‘Moving Europe’ two years ago as the name for another project of support along the Balkan route. In summer 2015, we did not expect such a long and intensive struggle able to break the border regime, and in the same winter we could likewise not imagine such a quick and strong ‘roll back’ of the regime in 2016. But we anticipated, at least, that the increasing struggles of refugees and migrants and the immense wave of support and welcoming in the countries of transit and destination would have transformative and long-term effects for Europe – they were quite literally ‘moving Europe’. And although today (August 2017) the fight for freedom of movement seems to be pushed back into a defensive position, struggles on flight and migration are still vivid on various levels. Contested spaces still exist all over Europe and continue to shape the whole political landscape.

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12. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Three out of four child refugees trying to reach Europe face ‚appalling‘ levels of exploitation, report finds“ · Kategorien: Lesehinweise · Tags: , ,

The Independent | 12.09.2017

Under-25s nearly twice as likely to becoming trafficking victims than adults, findings show

May Bulman

More than three quarters of child refugees trying to reach Europe are facing “appalling” levels of human rights abuses along the central Mediterranean route, a new study has revealed.

Of nearly 1,600 child refugees aged 14-17 who came to Italy through the Mediterranean during the second half of 2016, 77 per cent reported direct experiences of abuse, exploitation and practices which may amount to human trafficking.

Survey results from early 2017, based on the testimonies of some 22,000 refugees, indicate that the situation might be worsening – with 91 per cent of children reporting such experiences.

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11. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Migrant sea route to Italy is world’s most lethal“ · Kategorien: Lesehinweise, Mittelmeer · Tags: , ,

The Guardian | 11.09.2017

Most deaths since 2014 have occurred in Mediterranean, following clampdown on Balkan border route, IOM study finds

Saeed Kamali Dehghan

More than 22,500 migrants have reportedly died or disappeared globally since 2014 – more than half of them perishing while attempting to cross the Mediterranean, according to a study by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM).

A clampdown on Europe’s eastern borders has forced migrants to choose more dangerous routes as the death toll in the Mediterranean continues to rise despite a drop in the overall number of arrivals, data compiled by the UN’s migration agency shows.

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30. August 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „From Emigration to Asylum Destination, Italy Navigates Shifting Migration Tides“ · Kategorien: Italien, Lesehinweise · Tags:

MPI | 24.08.2017

By Angelo Scotto

Since its unification in the 19th century, Italy has been a country of emigration, with millions of Italians migrating to the Americas and elsewhere in Europe for economic and political reasons. Smaller numbers also headed to North Africa during the country’s period of colonialism. Italians have accounted for the largest voluntary emigration in recorded history, with 13 million leaving between 1880 and 1915. And Italian mobility also spanned major internal migration from poorer areas in the country’s South to its wealthier North.

Against the historic backdrop of emigration, newer patterns have manifested, making Italy a destination for migrants, whether for permanent settlement or as a way station. Shifting demographics that began in the mid-20th century translated into increased demand for foreign workers even as external factors, including the decline of the Soviet bloc, acted as push factors for migration toward wealthier countries, among them Italy. More recently, political and economic developments far beyond Italy’s borders have brought inflows of asylum seekers and migrants from diverse regions, including Eastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and Asia.

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28. August 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Migration aus Süd- und Südosteuropa nach Westeuropa: Kontinuitäten und Brüche“ · Kategorien: EU, Lesehinweise, Schengen Migration, Social Mix · Tags:

bpb | 14.08.2017

Südosteuropa ist vor allem mit Mittel- und Westeuropa durch eine lange Tradition der Migrationen von Menschen in beide Richtungen eng verbunden. Sylvia Hahn macht in ihrem Beitrag die langwährende Verflechtung der beiden Gegenden unseres Kontinents durch vielfältige Migrationsströme deutlich.

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17. August 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Smartphone ist auf der Flucht lebensnotwendig“ · Kategorien: Lesehinweise, Schengen Migration · Tags:

Wiener Zeitung | 17.08.2017

Eine Kommunikationswissenschafterin untersuchte die Rolle des Smartphones für Flüchtlinge.

„Treuer Freund“, „Soldat“, „meine Waffe“ oder „Life Manager“ – so nennen Flüchtlinge aus Syrien ihr Smartphone. Es helfe ihnen, die Flucht physisch wie auch psychisch zu bewältigen, so Katja Kaufmann von der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (ÖAW). Die Kommunikationswissenschafterin untersucht, wie Flüchtlinge ihre Smartphones nutzen – unterwegs und im Ankunftsland.

„Das Smartphone ist auf der Flucht lebensnotwendig“, erklärte die Expertin. Sie hat im Rahmen eines Forschungsprojektes der ÖAW mit dreizehn Syrern zwischen 20 und 32 Jahren gesprochen, die 2015 nach Österreich kamen, und darüber in der Fachzeitschrift „SWS-Rundschau“ berichtet. Hierzulande könne man sich das schwer vorstellen, so Kaufmann: „Viele junge Menschen in Österreich sehen das Smartphone als Unterhaltungsgegenstand an. Auch älteren Menschen wird dies über die Werbung vermittelt. Deshalb fragen sie sich: ‚Wie kann jemand, der alles verloren hat, so ein Gerät besitzen?'“

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