30. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Migration and Its Impact on Cities · Kategorien: Hintergrund, Lesehinweise, Social Mix · Tags:

World Economic Forum | 25.10.2017 | Download pdf

The World Economic Forum has released a report taking a deep dive on migration and cities, exploring the types, causes and patterns of migration, the most affected corridors and cities, the impact on urban infrastructure and services, the solutions that can be employed and how cities can seek to future proof themselves to address this growing challenge.

The report captures the migration stories of 22 of the most affected cities around the world, including from North America (Montreal, Ottawa, Calgary, New York and Boston), Latin America (Sao Paulo and Medellin), Middle East and North Africa (Dubai, Amman, Ramallah), Sub Saharan Africa (Cape Town and Dakar), Asia (Pune, Surat, Guangzhou and Davao City), Europe (Berlin, Athens, Paris, Amsterdam and Rotterdam) and Oceania (Auckland). The report also presents a high level framework to achieve long term migrant integration and in delivering urban infrastructure and services efficiently and effectively to meet the needs of migrants.

Key highlights of the report can be found here.

You can download the entire report here (High resolution) or here (Low resolution).

30. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Essay: Life After the Jungle, the Route That Will Not Close · Kategorien: Frankreich, Großbritannien, Lesehinweise, Schengen Migration · Tags:

Refugees Deeply | 25.10.2017

On the anniversary of the demolition of the Calais Jungle camp, Behzad Yaghmaian reflects on the stories of the migrants who continue to flock to the area and who are taking riskier and more expensive journeys across the English Channel to the U.K.

Behzad Yaghmaian

On a midsummer night, three young Iranians pushed a small boat out to sea on the French coast a few miles from Calais. It was midnight and there were no guards around to stop them.

Using a small inflatable dinghy and two oars they had bought for 600 euros ($705), the men started a journey into the rough waters of the English Channel on July 18. They were attempting the unimaginable. There is a reason Calais is not known for migrants risking their lives by boat. The waterway is too rough to cross without a motorboat – which is hard to get in France, even for well-connected smugglers.

One of the trio, Saman, a slim 28-year-old university graduate, did not know how to swim. To be on the safe side, the others had bought him what they described as a “cheap Chinese life jacket.” Saman made a quick call to his elderly mother in Iran. “I will call you soon from England,” he told her, before joining the other two men on the boat. They began rowing.

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24. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Why do Africans migrate? A report“ · Kategorien: Afrika, Hintergrund, Libyen · Tags:

Libya Herald | 23.10.2017

By Sami Zaptia

A report entitled ‘‘Out of Africa. Why people migrate’’ by ISPI, the Italian Institute for International Political Studies, says that European representation of African migration by media and politicians is ‘‘politicized’’ and ‘‘alarmist’’. This has led to ‘‘increasingly more restrictive migration policies’’.

The 170-page report published last week says that the EU and its member states have failed to look below the surface of migration flows as they have repeatedly preferred to turn a blind eye to their root causes.

Contrary to popular perceptions, the report suggests that the size and destinations of African migration are similar to global migratory patterns and that African migrants are more likely to move to neighbouring countries within their African sub-region than elsewhere, because of the higher costs of moving over longer distances. The study concludes that in fact there is a larger than popularly perceived number of sub-Saharan countries each hosting over two million displaced people last year.

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21. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „All refugees want to go home. Right?“ · Kategorien: Lesehinweise · Tags: ,

openDemocracy | 18.10.2017

Wanting to return home and restore one’s country should be a choice, not an obligation placed upon you by those also claiming to offer you protection.

Lena Kainz and Rebecca Buxton

We all know the story. On almost every continent, men, women and children are driven from their homes by persecution, poverty, or the effects of climate change. Regardless of geographic location or individual circumstance, we are told that refugees just want to return home.

In January, the UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador and Hollywood actor Ben Stiller told TIME that all the refugees he had met professed a profound desire to eventually return home. Two months later, Sir Paul Collier (co-author of the recently-published Refuge: Transforming a Broken Refugee System) informed CNN’s Christiane Amanpour that most refugees are currently in developing regions close to their country of origin and prefer to go home when the conflict is over. Melissa Fleming, Head of Communications and Chief Spokesperson for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), stated in May that she “never met a single refugee who does not want to go back”. Diplomats such as the US Ambassador and Australian representatives to the UN have repeated the same sentiment.

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18. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für End all immigration controls – they’re a sign we value money more than people · Kategorien: Lesehinweise · Tags:

The Guardian | 16.10.2017

Humans have always travelled, but barriers are lifted for capital while, for the global poor, borders are made ever tougher to cross

Gary Younge

When I was a teenager I went to West Berlin with my local youth orchestra to take part in an Anglo-German cultural exchange. It was 1983 and the wall was up. As we toured the city over 10 days, we would keep butting into this grotesque cold war installation blocking our way, and butting up against my 14-year-old’s defence of socialism.

At that age I reflexively rejected most dominant narratives about race, class and nation. During a period of sus laws and anti-union legislation, I already understood there had to be another version of freedom out there that included me, and I was busy piecing together the fragments of my own worldview. And yet no amount of rationalisation could shake my conclusion that people whom I disagreed with about pretty much everything else were right about the wall.

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13. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Buchpremiere am 17.10.: „Diktatoren als Türsteher Europas“ · Kategorien: Afrika, EU, Lesehinweise, Termine [alt] · Tags: ,

taz  | 13.10.2017

Jahrelange Recherchen machen die prekäre und verheerende Abschottungspolitik Europas deutlich.

Europa zieht erneut seine Grenzen durch Afrika. Migrationskontrolle – nicht nur in Form des Abkommens mit der Türkei – ist in der EU zu einer Frage von höchster innenpolitischer Bedeutung geworden.

Mit Hochdruck baut sie daher ihre Beziehungen zu den Regierungen auf dem afrikanischen Kontinent aus. Diese sollen ihre Bürger daran hindern, nach Europa zu gelangen. Die EU bietet dafür milliardenschwere Militär- und Wirtschaftshilfe.

Sie arbeitet mit Regimen zusammen, die schwere Menschenrechtsverletzungen begehen, und bildet deren Polizei und Armeen aus. Die Bewegungsfreiheit in Afrika wird eingeschränkt, Entwicklungshilfe wird umgewidmet und an Bedingungen geknüpft: Wer Migranten aufhält, bekommt dafür Geld.

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09. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Europas vergessener Krieg im Maghreb · Kategorien: Audio, Hintergrund, Marokko · Tags:

Sendung DLF |10.10.2017, 19:15

„Bis die Araber klein beigeben …“

Spanische Flieger, die Dörfer mit deutschem Giftgas bombardieren? Franzosen, die unter den Augen der Briten eine islamische Republik aushungern? Der Erste Weltkrieg war kaum beendet, da raufte sich Europa zu einem vergessenen Kolonialkrieg zusammen.

Von Gerit von Leitner

Eher zufällig stößt die Autorin in Marokko auf Spuren von Abd el-Krim. Der hatte als Führer mehrerer Berberstämme 1921 im zwischen Frankreich und Spanien aufgeteilten „Protektorat“ eine unabhängige Rif-Republik ausgerufen. Mit einer später von Mao und Ho Chi Minh studierten Guerillataktik erzielte er große Anfangserfolge gegen die Kolonialmächte, bis diese konkurrierende Interessen hintanstellten, um den „frechen Muselmanen“ den Garaus zu machen. Zuvorderst mit deutschem Giftgas. Gerit von Leitner trägt vergessene Fakten aus Militärarchiven zusammen und wird in immer noch verseuchten Landstrichen mit einer sehr lebendigen Erinnerung konfrontiert, die nicht nur die Legitimität des marokkanischen Königshauses in Frage stellt, sondern auch zur – zumindest unterbewussten – Grundausstattung manches Dschihadisten gehören mag.

Produktion: WDR/Dlf 2017

Manuskript zum Lesen

06. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „The Financial Journey of Refugees“ · Kategorien: Lesehinweise · Tags:

IHS | 09.2017

Executive Summary

The Financial Journeys of Refugees investigates what money and financial transactions can reveal about the journeys and experiences of forced migration. We examine money as a key node of the displacement experience: fueling transactions among formal and informal actors along the way; determining livelihood options; shaping or restructuring kinship networks; and coloring risks, vulnerabilities, or protective forces available to refugees. Our inquiry highlights these transactions and the power dynamics that unfold among refugees as well as between refugees and formal or informal authorities. Four specific areas of inquiry emerged during this study:
  1. How do refugees gather, move, store, spend, and make money along the journey of their displacement? How do their strategies lead to enhanced risk and/or self-protection along the way?
  2. How do financial transactions structure relationships among refugees, as well as between refugees and formal or informal authorities, such as smugglers, informal money transfer agents, and formal banking systems?
  3. How does the humanitarian system—and, in particular, cash assistance to refugees— shape the aforementioned financial transactions and relationships?
  4. What are the roles of refugee identity—in terms of gender, ethnicity, religion, and family status—and the documentation of that identity in shaping financial transactions, relationships, vulnerability, and coping strategies?

[…]

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04. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für The Central Mediterranean: European Priorities, Libyan Realities · Kategorien: EU, Italien, Lesehinweise, Libyen, Mittelmeer · Tags: , , ,

News Deeply | October 2017

This issue is freely available as both a PDF & eBook download.

by Daniel Howden

Prologue

August 14 began calmly for Riccardo Gatti. On the first morning of a new search and rescue mission in the central Mediterranean, the former yachtsman turned activist walked the grayed wooden deck of the Golfo Azzurro, a trawler that has been stripped of its bulky fishing equipment to make space for life jackets and water bottles.

Its previous mission had tested everyone’s patience when several Italian ports refused to allow the vessel to dock and unload its rescued asylum seekers, a sign of the increasing political pressure on rescue charities such as Gatti’s Proactiva Open Arms. The only consolation had been that the ship’s unwanted cargo were in fact a trio of Libyan musicians who serenaded the crew as they searched for a safe port.

Now stationed 27 nautical miles off the coast of Libya, Gatti’s vessel was on standby for boats in distress. Instead they were approached by the C-Star, a vessel chartered by European anti-migrant activists. The Golfo Azzurro crew braced for a confrontation.

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24. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Philosoph Andreas Cassee: „Es gibt kein Recht auf geschlossene Grenzen“ · Kategorien: Afrika, EU, Lesehinweise · Tags: ,

derStandard | 24.09.2017

Der Schweizer Philosoph erklärt, wieso er für globale Bewegungsfreiheit ist und warum wir uns in die Lage eines abgewiesenen Flüchtlings versetzen sollten. Ein philosophisches Plädoyer für offene Grenzen

Interview Lisa Nimmervoll

STANDARD: „Über den Wolken muss die Freiheit wohl grenzenlos sein“, hat der deutsche Liedermacher Reinhard Mey gesungen. Sie möchten diese Freiheit quasi für alle Menschen auf den Boden, auf die Erde holen, denn Sie fordern offene Grenzen und globale Bewegungsfreiheit. Heißt das: Weg mit allen nationalen Grenzen?

Cassee: Gegen die Existenz von Grenzen habe ich nichts einzuwenden. Zwischen deutschen oder österreichischen Bundesländern existieren ja auch Grenzen, die festlegen, wo welche Jurisdiktion gilt. Eine andere Frage ist, ob an diesen Grenzen Grenzwächter stehen, ob also die Bewegung von Menschen über territoriale Grenzen kontrolliert wird. Meine Ansicht ist, dass es aus ethischer Perspektive kein Recht auf geschlossene Grenzen gibt.

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