29. März 2013 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Türkei schiebt syrische Flüchtlinge nach Syrien ab · Kategorien: Syrien, Türkei · Tags:

„[…] Nach Unruhen in einem Lager für syrische Bürgerkriegsflüchtlinge hat die Türkei nach Darstellung örtlicher Vertreter Hunderte Bewohner in ihr Heimatland zurückgeschickt. Zeugen zufolge wurden die Flüchtlinge mit Bussen zur Grenze gebracht. […]


08. Dezember 2012 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Refoulement syrische Flüchtlinge von Griechenland in die Türkei · Kategorien: Griechenland, Syrien, Türkei · Tags:
Syrian refugees ‚turned back from Greek border by police‘

Asylum seekers crossing from Turkey say they have been illegally deported by Greek police or blocked from entering

• Rebecca Omonira-Oyekanmi in Edirne and Athens
guardian.co.uk, Friday 7 December 2012 18.26 GMT

UN general secretary Ban Ki-Moon talks to refugees during a visit to the Islahiye Syrian refugee camp in Gaziantep, Turkey.
On the edge of Europe, where the river Evros meanders towards the Aegean sea, a new tragedy involving two of the world’s most troubled peoples is unfolding.

On one side of the river border are gathered clusters of Syrian refugees, desperate to escape the misery of war and put the Turkish camps behind them. But beyond the perilous currents lies Greece, a nation so economically bereft it has little time or resources for them.

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21. November 2012 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Nato Türkei Syrien – Patriot-Raketen · Kategorien: Syrien, Türkei · Tags: ,

Krieg in Syrien: Türkei bittet Nato-Partner um „Patriot“-Einsatz

27. September 2012 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Syrische Flüchtlinge und Asylsystem in der Türkei · Kategorien: Syrien, Türkei · Tags:


by Susanne Güsten

[…] Asylum is not on offer for Africans and other non-Europeans in Turkey, which retains a “geographical limitation” to the Geneva Refugee Convention, effectively limiting asylum to refugees from Europe.

But Ivorians are only the most recent arrivals in Kumkapi. They join thousands of Iraqis, Iranians and Afghans, as well as Somalis and Congolese, who have run as far as they can and now find themselves unable to proceed further and stuck in a country that precludes asylum for refugees fleeing events occurring outside of Europe.

For many years, the U.N. agency has picked up the slack in Turkey, screening asylum applications and resettling refugees in countries like the United States, Canada and Australia. But with the number of refugees swelling drastically and resettlement quotas shrinking, the system is headed for a breakdown.

Nearly 29,000 incoming refugees registered with the United Nations in Turkey by Aug. 31 this year, according to figures provided by the agency. That figure does not include an estimated 125,000 Syrian refugees sheltering in camps and private accommodation in the southern border area. It also excludes thousands of unregistered refugees, like those in Kumkapi.

Even so, only France, Germany, Italy, Belgium and Sweden, among E.U. countries, received more asylum applications in all of last year, according to Eurostat figures.

The figure in Turkey is sharply higher than an average of 10,000 to 15,000 annually in recent years, according to Multeci-Der, a private group supporting refugee rights. “It is a record number for Turkey,” the association’s chairman, Taner Kilic, said last week.

At the same time, resettlement quotas are down from about 6,500 places last year to fewer than 6,000 this year, according to the U.N. agency, with the United States accepting about 4,000 refugees in 2012 and Canada offering 900 places. Australia is taking 630 refugees, with Norway and Finland offering 150 places each and Germany taking 100 refugees.

“A refugee entering Turkey today will wait for a year and a half just to register with the U.N.H.C.R. and another year for his first interview with them,” Mr. Kilic said. “That’s a two-and-a-half-year wait, just for your first chance to plead your case.” With follow-up interviews and appeals, the average wait for a decision is four to five years, he added, with some refugees waiting seven to eight years before they even become eligible for resettlement.

Third countries then choose among the eligible refugees according to criteria like education, language skills and nation of origin. “Afghans, for example, currently have virtually zero chance of being resettled,” Mr. Kilic said, citing cases of recognized refugees who have been waiting 10 years in what are often miserable conditions.

It is the uncertainty of that wait more than anything else that leads refugees to resort to the desperate action of boarding a smugglers’ boat like one that sank off Turkey’s western coast last month, drowning more than 60 refugees on their way to Europe, Mr. Kilic said.

While Turkey does grant temporary protection to registered refugees while their applications are being considered by the U.N. agency, it requires them to sit out the wait in one of 53 provincial towns to which they are assigned by the Interior Ministry. “But no one tells them how to get there or what to do when they arrive, no one asks where they will sleep, what they will eat and how they will survive,” Mr. Kilic said.

Asylum seekers are neither entitled to material assistance nor granted work permits, leaving them at the mercies of provincial authorities and driven to work illegally. They are frequently subject to detention and deportation by the Turkish authorities without recourse to legal appeal.

It is criticism of such conditions that led lawmakers to draft Turkey’s first asylum law, submitted to Parliament just before the summer recess and due to be voted on soon after it reconvenes next week. The draft law has been greeted with praise by activists and academics, who were consulted in its preparation by the Interior Ministry to an extent that is highly unusual in Turkey.

“They invited us to the ministry and sat down with us, and we went over the law for two days, article by article, and then they did the same with the academics,” Mr. Kilic said. Officials drafting the law also traveled to Strasbourg and Brussels to consult the European Court of Human Rights and the European Commission. The result is an asylum law that not only meets E.U. standards, but exceeds them, experts agree.

“The law has been deeply influenced by the rulings of the European Court of Human Rights,” specifically addressing the issues raised by the court, Kemal Kirisci, a professor of political science at the Bosporus University and one of the country’s leading experts on asylum issues, said in an interview last week. The draft law, which was supported in committee by all parties represented in Parliament, “puts the accent on human rights rather than on security,” he said.

There is just one problem, activists like Mr. Kilic say: The new asylum law will not extend asylum to refugees from outside Europe, because it does not lift the geographical limitation.

“Over all it is a good law, but in my view as long as the geographical limitation is maintained, it remains problematic,” Mr. Kilic said. “We will continue to depend on the U.N. to resettle refugees in third countries, and if those countries will not take them — perhaps pointing out that our economy is now stronger than theirs and that the refugees have fled to our country, not theirs — then we have a deadlocked system.”

But Mr. Kirisci is among those who argued for keeping the geographical limitation in place. “If Turkey were to lift the geographical limitation without being a member of the European Union, I think it would fall into a situation worse than that Greece, an E.U. member, has found itself in over the last couple of years,” he said, pointing to the overwhelming numbers of refugees there and the international criticism of Greece’s handling of the situation.

Turkey would have to lift the geographical limitation to accede to the European Union, Mr. Kirisci conceded. But for now, Turkey is within its rights under international law in maintaining the restriction, he said.

“Why should Turkey give away such a right without European Union membership itself?” Mr. Kirisci said. “I see this as a hard bargaining chip with the European Union”.


06. September 2012 · Kommentare deaktiviert für 58 Boat-people vor der türkischen Küste ertrunken · Kategorien: Griechenland, Türkei · Tags: ,

Guillaume Perrier, Le Monde Korrespondent in Istanbul, berichtet über E-Mail: Nach Angaben türkischer Fernsehprogramme, des regionalen Polizeichefs und des Provinzgouverneurs hat es am Abend des 05.09.2012 ein grosses Schiffsunglück bei Izmir in der Ägäis gegeben. Vor der türkischen Küste sind 58 Flüchtlinge und MigrantInnen ertrunken, als das Schiff einen Felsen rammte. Die meisten Passagiere seien SyrerInnen und IrakerInnen gewesen. Zunächst lag die Zahl der Toten niedriger, weil nur die Frauen und Kinder aus dem Schiffsinneren benannt worden waren. 45 Personen sollen gerettet worden sein.


27. August 2012 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Syrische Boat-people auf griechischen Inseln · Kategorien: Griechenland, Syrien, Türkei · Tags: ,

In den letzten Jahren haben die dauerhaften Frontex-Kontrollen in der Ägäis dafür gesorgt, dass mehr Flüchtlinge den Landweg von der Türkei nach Griechenland eingeschlagen haben. Doch nun bewirkt die Aufrüstung der griechischen EU-Landgrenze zur Türkei, dass Flüchtlinge wieder auf die Boote steigen. Auf den griechischen Inseln wird derzeit eine Alarmstimmung gegenüber syrischen Flüchtlingen entfacht. Am 26.08.2012 sind 54 Boat-people auf Samos angekommen, und nun heisst es, dass 100.000 syrische Flüchtlinge auf die Inseln kommen würden.

03. August 2012 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Syrische Flüchtlinge in der Türkei – wichtiger Blog · Kategorien: Syrien, Türkei · Tags: ,


„I’ve started a blog on Syrian refugees in Turkey few days ago. At the moment, collecting all news, reports and similar documents on the issue. There will be interviews and articles from the local contacts soon. This blog aims to be the first step for a more comprehensive monitoring project. The link for the blog; I will be very happy if you can send me any document that you have on this issue and of course promote the blog on your networks.“

dumanforcohen (at) gmail.com

30. Juli 2012 · Kommentare deaktiviert für EU-Grenze wird gegen syrische Flüchtlinge abgeschottet · Kategorien: Griechenland, Syrien, Türkei · Tags: ,

spiegel online 30.07.2012

Flüchtlingswelle aus Syrien. Griechen machen Grenze zur Türkei dicht

Die Zahl der Grenzsoldaten wird vervierfacht, schwimmende Barrieren und weitere Patrouillenboote kommen zum Einsatz: Griechenland verstärkt seine Grenze zur Türkei massiv. Die Regierung in Athen fürchtet einen Strom an Flüchtlingen aus Syrien.

Athen/Ankara – Aus Angst vor einer Flüchtlingswelle aus Syrien lässt Griechenland die EU-Außengrenze zur Türkei noch schärfer bewachen. 1800 Grenzpolizisten würden zusätzlich an die Grenze geschickt, sagte Justizminister Nikos Dendias am Montag nach einem Treffen mit dem griechischen Regierungschef Antonis Samaras. Bislang werden lediglich 600 griechische Grenzschützer eingesetzt. Auf dem Grenzfluss Evros würden weitere Patrouillenboote und schwimmende Barrieren eingesetzt. (…) Seit einigen Monaten patrouillieren an der Grenze neben griechischen Beamten auch Dutzende Mitarbeiter der EU-Grenzagentur Frontex. In der vergangenen Woche hatte Dendias angekündigt, dass sein Land trotz internationaler Kritik am Bau eines knapp elf Kilometer langen Grenzzauns zur Türkei festhalte. Er soll Anfang Oktober fertig sein.


07. Juli 2012 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Griechenland: Reportage von der Grenze · Kategorien: Griechenland, Türkei · Tags: ,

Über den Fluss Evros in ein besseres Leben

Von Elena Panagiotidis, Orestiada

„Jeden Monat riskieren Hunderte von Migranten beim Versuch, den türkisch-griechischen Grenzfluss Evros zu überqueren, ihr Leben. Ihre Odyssee ist damit aber noch nicht beendet.- Der Traum von einem besseren Leben endet für viele am Ende der Welt. In der Nähe des Dorfes Sidiro, in den griechischen Rhodopen, unweit der Grenze zur Türkei, liegt der Friedhof für diejenigen, die beim Versuch, die Grenze von der Türkei nach Griechenland zu überschreiten, umgekommen sind. Ohne die Hilfe der Einheimischen würde man diesen Flecken staubiger Erde nicht finden. Seit ein paar Monaten ist das Grundstück umzäunt, unter den aufgeworfenen Hügeln liegen die Toten, deren Namen niemand kennt.“

Die vollständige, ausführliche Reportage in der NZZ vom 07.07.2012 unter:


25. Juni 2012 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Griechenland – Türkei · Kategorien: Griechenland, Türkei · Tags: , ,

Lost at Border. A Journey to the lost and the dead of the Greek borders

Eine Dokumentation zu den Verschwundenen und Toten an den griechischen Grenzen (englisch)


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