05. Januar 2018 · Kommentare deaktiviert für In a town where « nothing has changed »: Documentary Film Festival of Redeyef · Kategorien: Tunesien · Tags: ,

Nawaat | 25.12.2017

This year’s Documentary Film Festival of Redeyef (RFDR) takes place December 20-24, in the town whose name is almost synonymous with Tunisia’s phosphate industry and its deleterious effects on the surrounding populations and environment. Although the mining basin revolt of 2008 is considered a precursor to the Tunisian revolution in 2011, in 2017 residents affirm without hesitation that here in Redeyef, « nothing has changed ». Now in its fourth year, the RFDR, funded by the Rosa Luxembourg Foundation, is pushing to establish a perennial film festival here, a so-called difficult terrain that is parched for sustainable cultural outlets.

Vanessa Szakal

From Gafsa to Redeyef, it is 45 miles and just about an hour’s drive through dry, chalky land dotted with dusty green shrubs. Beyond a long and gradual ascent, the town materializes, empty and grey. It is the end of December, and winter break: everything is closed up, so the streets appear as bleak as the weather. A few minutes off the main road is Economat, the main venue for this year’s Documentary Film Festival. Over four days, Economat is alive with a team of organizers, seasoned and amateur filmmakers, sound and projection engineers, musicians, professors and festival goers. Economat, recently renovated and sparsely equipped, is the vestige of a colonial structure. Though barely a few degrees warmer than outside, the building and energy it holds are welcoming refuge from the cold air and sharp wind. On the opening evening, a concert by Abdullah Miniawy and Ahmed Salah from Egypt draw a considerable crowd, a number of youth from around town, besides the 30 or so people bussed in from the capital.

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03. Januar 2018 · Kommentare deaktiviert für “Tunesien: Dann wenigstens ehrenhaft ertrinken” · Kategorien: Tunesien · Tags:

Zeit Online | 02.01.2018

Zu alte Politiker, korrupte Behörden: Sieben Jahre nach der Revolution ist Tunesien ein Ort der Agonie. Viele Junge hält nichts im Land. Nicht mal die Angst vor dem Tod.

Von Sarah Mersch, Tunis

Youssef knetet seine Finger, zögert ein bisschen, bevor er antwortet. Natürlich habe er schon daran gedacht, wegzugehen. “Ich habe ja nicht viel zu verlieren”, meint er. Ein Satz, der so oder ähnlich von vielen jungen Tunesiern fällt, wenn es ums Auswandern geht. Oft bedeutet das: mit dem Boot übers Mittelmeer in der Hoffnung, nach Lampedusa zu gelangen oder zumindest in europäischen Gewässern aufgegriffen zu werden, um dann in Italien oder Frankreich Arbeit zu finden.

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17. Dezember 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für “Grenzschutz zu Libyen: Berlin rüstet Tunesien weiter auf” · Kategorien: Libyen, Tunesien · Tags:

DW | 16.12.2017

Um ein Scheitern des demokratischen Prozesses in Tunesien zu verhindern, investiert die Bundesregierung mehrere Millionen Euro in die Grenzsicherung des Landes. Die Risiken: Nachbar Libyen und die illegale Migration.

Mit Überwachungstechnik im Wert von 34 Millionen Euro hilft die Bundesregierung dem nordafrikanischen Land bei der Sicherung seiner Grenze zu Libyen. In einer Antwort des Bundesinnenministeriums auf eine Anfrage der Linkspartei heißt es, in diesem Jahr seien für 16 Millionen Euro mobile Radarsysteme, Nachtsichtgeräte und weitreichende Kameras beschafft worden.
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15. Dezember 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für “Deutschland baut weiter an Tunesiens Grenze” · Kategorien: Deutschland, Tunesien · Tags: , ,

Der Tagesspiegel | 14.12.2017

Mit deutschem Geld und Material soll die gesamte tunesisch-libysche Grenze lückenlos kontrolliert werden.

Andrea Dernbach

Deutschland rüstet Tunesien weiter für die Befestigung der Landesgrenzen aus. Wie aus der Antwort auf eine Kleine Anfrage der Linksfraktion im Bundestag hervorgeht, hat die Bundesregierung Bodenüberwachungs-, Nachtsichtgeräte und Spotter finanziert, die im Süden der Grenze zu Libyen eingesetzt werden sollen. Lieferantin ist die in Taufkirchen bei München ansässige Firma Hensoldt, die früher Teil von Airbus war.

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01. Dezember 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für “What’s Behind the Dramatic Rise in Migrant Boats from Tunisia” · Kategorien: EU, Italien, Tunesien · Tags:

Refugees Deeply | 30.11.2017

More Tunisians have taken boats to Europe in the past few months than in all of 2015 and 2016. Researchers Matt Herbert and Max Gallien look at the reasons behind the surge.

Max Gallien, Matt Herbert

Normally, the beaches of southern Tunisia are quiet in November. It is the start of the lean months, when few tourists arrive and the jobs that depend on them vanish. This year is different. Tunisia’s beaches have a new customer: Tunisians trying to go to Europe.

Between October 1 and November 8, more Tunisians took to the seas than in 2015 and 2016 combined, with Italy and Tunisia detaining 4,709. In total, more than 8,700 Tunisian migrants have been caught by Italy and Tunisia in 2017. There are suspicions this represents only a fraction of those who have left.

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18. November 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für “Beyond Transactional Deals: Building Lasting Migration Partnerships in the Mediterranean” · Kategorien: Italien, Marokko, Spanien, Tunesien · Tags: ,

MPI | 11.2017

By Luca Lixi

As maritime arrivals to Europe rose sharply in 2015 and 2016, European policymakers renewed their focus on building partnerships with origin and transit countries in North Africa in an effort to bring Mediterranean crossings under control. Though hardly new—some such partnerships stretch back decades—these efforts have taken on new urgency amid heightened migration to Europe by asylum seekers and migrants.

This report examines two prominent examples of bilateral cooperation on migration management in the region: the partnerships that have emerged between Spain and Morocco, and between Italy and Tunisia. Both have their roots in the early 1990s and experienced underwhelming results early on, with the two European countries focused narrowly on closing their borders and stepping up the return of unauthorized migrants—priorities that clashed with those of their North African partners, for whom remittances are an important source of income and a positive relationship with their diasporas paramount.

These partnerships have since diverged. Morocco and Spain have expanded their cooperation to include a range of capacity-building, joint border patrols, and legal migration programs, while Italy continues to pursue short-term, transactional deals that rely on the promise of aid and investment to incentivize Tunisian cooperation.

As policymakers (re)negotiate agreements to jointly manage routes to Europe, these case studies shed important light on what can be achieved when countries cooperate on the basis of shared objectives, as well as some of the limitations of a relationship built solely around short-term, enforcement priorities.

11. November 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Tunesien, Zarzis – Video · Kategorien: Tunesien, Video · Tags:

Arte Journal | 10.11.2017

03. November 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Libysche Marine schickt Migranten nach Italien · Kategorien: Italien, Libyen, Tunesien · Tags: , , ,

Bei Rettungsaktionen im Mittelmeer hat die libysche Küstenwache die Migrant*innen erstmals nicht nach Libyen zurückgebracht, sondern anderen Schiffen übergeben, die sie nach Italien gebracht haben.

Avvenire.it | 01.11.2017

La Marina libica «invia» i migranti in Italia. Altri morti in mare

La Guardia costiera di Tripoli non riporta più a terra le persone recuperate in mare, ma le consegna ad altre navi perché poi sbarchino in Italia.

Daniela Fassini

Soccorsi dalla Guardia costiera libica, consegnati alle navi militari italiane, trasbordati sull’Aquarius di Sos Mediterranée. È il nuovo racconto che arriva dal Mediterraneo. Martedì sera, informa il portavoce della marina libica, l’ammiraglio Ayob Amr Ghasem, circa 120 migranti alla deriva a bordo di un gommone, sono stati soccorsi dalla Guardia costiera libica a «circa a due miglia dalla piattaforma petrolifera di Sabratha e 60 miglia a nord di Zawiya», ha precisato il portavoce che fa riferimento a una località a circa 50 km a ovest di Tripoli.

Inoltre sette cadaveri sono stati recuperati a bordo di un gommone diretto verso l’Italia al largo delle coste libiche durante un’operazione di soccorso coordinata dalla centrale operativa di Roma della Guardia Costiera. Sconosciute, per ora, le cause della morte.

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03. November 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für “Redeyef youth in Lampedusa: marginalized at home, unwanted abroad” · Kategorien: Italien, Tunesien

Nawaat | 01.11.2017

Two weeks ago, minister of the Interior Lotfi Brahem received Italian ambassador to Tunisia Raimondo De Cardona to strengthen cooperation on fighting crime and tackling illegal immigration. On the same day, October 18, 25 years old, Ahmed, from Redeyef reached Lampedusa illegally, on a boat carrying Tunisian youth mainly from the same small mining town in the mid-western governorate of Gafsa.

« We have been struggling throughout our lives in Tunisia. The authorities there neither gave us jobs nor respect; we only get humiliation », Ahmed confided on the condition that we would not give his real name. Ahmed is now in Lampedusa. He and many others have been on a hunger strike since Saturday. « We started the hunger strike on Saturday…my friend started on Friday… we have been on water and sugar…if there is no solution we will not take water and sugar…and we will sleep outside the center » .

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02. November 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für “Refugee graves were a common sight in Libya. Now it’s Tunisia’s turn” · Kategorien: Libyen, Tunesien · Tags: ,

The Guardian | 02.11.2017

A crackdown appears to be pushing the problem across the border in north Africa, with dozens of bodies now washing ashore

“The dead are someone’s husband, someone’s child, wife, sister or brother. Would you bury your loved ones in this manner?”

The short Tunisian man gestures towards makeshift graves containing the bodies of dozens of drowned migrants. This may have become a common enough sight across the border in Libya in recent years. Now a crackdown on people trafficking in that country appears to be pushing the problem into Tunisia.

“They are not at fault for being buried here. We are at fault. You are at fault. The world is at fault.”

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