Quelle: Spiegel Online
Wie werden sich die Flüchtlingszahlen 2016 entwickeln? Erste Trends zeichnen sich ab: Aus manchen Krisenregionen machen sich jetzt mehr Frauen und Kinder auf den Weg als Männer.
Von Raniah Salloum
In ein paar Wochen wird das Mittelmeer nach den Winterstürmen ruhiger. Dann wagen Menschen in Kriegs- und Krisengebieten wieder die gefährliche Überfahrt. Ab März – so die Erfahrungswerte aus den zurückliegenden Jahren – steigen die Zahlen rasant an, um dann im Sommer ihren Höhepunkt zu erreichen.
Was wird 2016 passieren? Während Europa gerade versucht, das Durchkommen auf den Hauptrouten zu erschweren, planen Menschen in Syrien, Irak oder Afghanistan den Aufbruch: Wie viele sind es 2016?
Greece – With more than a week left in the first month of 2016, IOM reports that deaths of migrants and refugees in the Mediterranean already make this the deadliest January on record. Deaths in the past 24 hours bring to at least 113 the total number of fatalities recorded, which is more than the past two Januaries combined, when 94 deaths were recorded – 12 in January 2014 and 82 last year.
With nearly 37,000 migrants and refugees now having arrived in Italy and Greece by sea in 2016, that figure is roughly 10 times 2015’s total on this date. For Greece and the Western Balkans, the increase is well over 20 times 2015’s total on this date.
Region-Country: Europe and Central Asia / Greece
Themes: Missing Migrants
Greece – IOM confirmed yesterday (21/12) that over a million irregular migrants and refugees arrived in Europe in 2015, mostly from Syria, Africa and South Asia.
Through the weekend, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix – Flow Monitoring System counted 999,745 irregular arrivals across the Mediterranean, including migrants journeying by both land and sea to Greece, as well as to Bulgaria, Spain, Italy, Malta and Cyprus.
Greece – IOM staff in Greece report a drastic decrease in the number of migrants and refugees crossing into Greece over the weekend. On Sunday, just 155 migrants arrived on the Greek islands by sea. Of these, 79 arrived in Kalymnos, 44 in Megisti and 24 in Lesvos. The remainder arrived in Chios and Kos.
The drop is significant given that, according to IOM estimates, some 100,000 migrants have crossed into Greece since the beginning of November – averaging around 4,500 crossings per day.
There have also been no migrant fatalities in Greek waters since November 17th, when the Hellenic Coast Guard recovered the remains of nine people – a man, four women and four children. Seven people were rescued and two young boys remain missing, presumed drowned. IOM reports that 585 people have perished on the Eastern Mediterranean migration route since the start of 2015.
By Stephanie Nebehay
GENEVA, Nov 24 (Reuters) – About 1,000 refugees and migrants are stuck at the main crossing point into Macedonia from Greece as authorities deny entry to some nationalities in contravention of international law, the United Nations said on Tuesday.
„A new humanitarian situation is developing in Europe that needs urgent attention,“ Adrian Edwards of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) told a news briefing.
Quelle: Die Welt
Bisher spekuliert die Politik darauf, dass der nahende Winter viele Menschen von einer Flucht nach Europa abhält. Experten warnen jetzt: Trotz der Kälte werden noch mehr Flüchtlinge kommen als bisher.
Von Stefan Aust, Manuel Bewarder, Florian Flade, Ileana Grabitz
Während der Streit zwischen der Kanzlerin und CSU-Chef Horst Seehofer über die Flüchtlingspolitik am Wochenende auf dem CSU-Parteitag in München eskalierte, warnen europäische Nachrichtendienste und internationale Flüchtlingsorganisationen vor einem weiteren Anstieg der ungesteuerten Zuwanderung. Nach Informationen der „Welt am Sonntag“ meldeten Geheimdienstein den vergangenen Wochen nach Berlin, dass auch der bevorstehende Wintereinbruch in Europa nicht zu einem nachhaltigen Rückgang bei der Zahl der Zuwanderer führen wird.
Switzerland – In the last couple of days, we have witnessed Governments instituting a range of restrictions against movements of refugees and migrants from Greece through the Western Balkans and further northwards.
This includes people being profiled on the basis of nationality. This is becoming increasingly untenable from every point of view – humanitarian, legal, and also safety related, not least in light of falling temperatures and the risks for children and others with specific needs.
DAKAR, Nov 19 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – A growing number of Syrians are flying to Mauritania before making long and dangerous journeys through the Sahara Desert towards Europe, and more may follow as European nations restrict entry at their land borders, experts said on Thursday.
Hundreds of Syrians have registered as refugees or asylum seekers in the West African nation this year, but many do not register and the number flying to the capital Nouakchott on their way to Europe is probably far higher, experts say.
Thousands of Syrians have applied for asylum this year in Morocco’s Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. Most used to fly from Beirut to Algiers and cross the border to reach the two popular gateways to Europe.
Quelle: The Guardian
As political leaders prepare to meet in Malta to discuss measures to stem the flow of migrants and refugees from Africa to Europe, Patrick Kingsley meets the smugglers and the smuggled on a route through the desert from Niger
You can’t see the road from Agadez in Niger to Libya. You simply drive to the edge of the local airstrip, turn left, fork right, head past the one building on the horizon – a lonely police checkpoint – and that’s it. Only a select few local drivers know which dunes lead across the Sahara and which ones lead to oblivion. And in three days of driving, there are plenty of wrong turnings to make.
Italy – With the latest tragic drownings in the Aegean on Wednesday and Thursday—along with four new deaths reported today off Spain—IOM now estimates that the total number of migrant deaths on Mediterranean sea routes to Europe have surpassed 3,329 in the first ten months of 2015.
The sea-borne death toll on the Mediterranean for all of 2014 was 3,279, according to IOM’s Missing Migrants Project.
“The tragedy in the Mediterranean has no end,” said IOM Greece’s Kelly Namia, who reported this morning that on Thursday (29/10) night, a wooden boat capsized off the coast between Kalymnos and Kalolimnos. An estimated 14 people lost their lives, while 138 migrants have been rescued.