19. Juli 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Will Africa’s Great Green Wall discourage migration to Europe?“ · Kategorien: Afrika · Tags: ,

The Guardian | 19.07.2017

By 2020, 60 million people from sub-Saharan Africa are expected to migrate because of desertification. The Great Green Wall is a $8bn project restoring degraded land. But will it encourage people to stay or earn the money to go?

Jill Filipovic

The first thing you notice about the garden is how out of place it looks in this dusty, hazy landscape, where herds of cows kick up sandstorms and goats nibble at sparse weeds below scraggly trees. The garden is a swatch of vibrant colour: green tufts growing lettuce, aubergine, watermelon and other produce form tidy rows, and women in bright skirts walk through, bringing tin watering cans from the well to hydrate this lush little corner in a vast, parched landscape.

Here, in Koyli Alfa village in central Senegal, Batta Mbengu works in this garden every Wednesday; there are almost 300 women who labour here, divided into groups of 30, with each group taking a weekly shift. And every week, each woman contributes 100 West African francs (about 14p) to a tontine – a communal pot of money that any member can cash out when she needs it. For example, when a member has a baby the other women bring the tontine money to the naming ceremony and gift it to the mother. It’s a safety net in a place where financial insecurity is part of life.

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09. Juli 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „By 2100, Refugees Would Be the Most Populous Country on Earth“ · Kategorien: Lesehinweise · Tags: ,

Alternet | 29.06.2017

Poverty and deadly wars are the major drivers of displacement

By Vijay Prashad

The UN Refugee Agency has announced the new figures for the world’s displaced: 65.9 million. That means that 65.9 million human beings live as refugees, asylum seekers or as internally displaced people. If the refugees formed a country, it would be the 21st largest state in the world, just after Thailand (68.2 million) and just ahead of the United Kingdom (65.5 million). But unlike these other states, refugees have few political rights and no real representation in the institutions of the world.

The head of the UN Refugee Agency, Filippo Grandi, recently said that most of the displacement comes as a result of war. „The world seems to have become unable to make peace,“ Grandi said. „So you see old conflicts that continue to linger, and new conflicts erupting, and both produce displacement. Forced displacement is a symbol of wars that never end.“

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23. Juni 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Amid Drought, Somali Pastoralists Watch Their ‘Sources of Life’ Perish“ · Kategorien: Afrika · Tags:

Refugees Deeply | 20.06.2017

With 17 million people crippled by drought in the Horn of Africa, Samuel Hall researchers and photographer Ashley Hamer explain the realities of climate-induced displacement in Somalia on World Refugee Day.

Samuel Hall Research Team, Ashley Hamer

PUNTLAND, SOMALIA – “Our world of plenty today faces an unprecedented four famines,” anti-poverty group Oxfam said in late May, as the leaders met for the G7 summit in Sicily, which is once again the gateway for most refugees to Europe.

Along with northeastern Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen, Somalia is faced with a particularly dire situation, which highlights the growing nexus between climate change and displacement.

Somalia has consistently produced one of the largest refugee and internally displaced populations in the world, due to a combination of conflict, environmental degradation, drought and famine.

With over half of the country’s population experiencing food and water shortages, the Somali president declared the ongoing humanitarian crisis a “national disaster” in February.

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13. April 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Warum der Klimawandel nicht als Fluchtgrund gilt“ · Kategorien: Hintergrund · Tags:

derStandard | 13.04.2017

Hunderte Millionen Menschen sind durch den Klimawandel in Gefahr – wie die Staaten damit umgehen, kritisiert Sozialwissenschafter Godfrey Baldacchino

Interview ROBERT CZEPEL

STANDARD: Im Jahr 2015 ging der Fall des 39-jährigen Kiribatiers Ioane Teitiota durch die Medien. Er wollte der erste weltweit anerkannte Klimaflüchtling werden. Doch er wurde von Neuseeland abgeschoben. Wissen Sie etwas über sein Schicksal?

Baldacchino: Nein. Aber es ist sehr unwahrscheinlich, dass er jemals als Klimaflüchtling anerkannt wird. Wäre das so, würden sich die Schleusen öffnen – denn es gibt Millionen Menschen, die jetzt oder in naher Zukunft einen ähnlichen Anspruch geltend machen könnten. Welche Regierung würde das anerkennen?

STANDARD: Was ist der genaue legale Status dieser potenziellen Klimaflüchtlinge?

Baldacchino: Es gibt keinen.

STANDARD: Und das wird sich nicht ändern?

Baldacchino: Ich kann die Zukunft nicht voraussagen. Aber es ist sehr unwahrscheinlich, dass die Umwelt jemals ein entscheidender Faktor bei der Anerkennung von Flüchtlingen sein wird.

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15. Februar 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Ostafrika trocknet aus“ · Kategorien: Afrika · Tags: ,

DW | 15.02.2017

In Ostafrika herrscht die schlimmste Dürre seit einem halben Jahrhundert. Mehr als zwölf Millionen Menschen sind auf Hilfe angewiesen. Die Internationale Gemeinschaft ist gefragt, um die Katastrophe abzuwenden.

Katastrophale Bilder gehen um die Welt: Ganze Viehherden verenden elendig auf der von der Dürre aufgesprungen Erde. Mancherorts stapeln sich Kamelkadaver – auch die sonst so robusten Tiere konnten der langanhaltenden Trockenheit nicht mehr trotzen. „Wir sehen ähnliche Warnsignale wie 2011, als mehr als 260.000 Menschen während der Hungersnot in Somalia starben“, sagt Karl-Otto Zentel, Generalsekretär von CARE Deutschland-Luxemburg. Schon Monate vorher hatten damals Hilfsorganisationen Alarm geschlagen, doch die internationale Gemeinschaft blieb tatenlos. „Jetzt darf auf gar keinen Fall wieder erst gewartet werden, bis uns die Bilder sterbender Kinder erreichen.“

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28. Dezember 2016 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Von der Klima- zur globalen Flüchtlingskrise“ · Kategorien: Hintergrund, Lesehinweise · Tags:

Quelle: Telepolis | 27.12.2016

Der außer Kontrolle geratene Klimawandel könnte die größte Flüchtlingskrise der Menschheitsgeschichte auslösen

Tomasz Konicz

Der an Dynamik gewinnende, durch den Kapitalismus verursachte Klimawandel stellt die größte Bedrohung des Zivilisationsprozesses im 21. Jahrhundert dar. Auch wenn die durchgeknallten Ideologen der neuen Rechten – von Donald Trump bis zur deutschen AfD – vor diesem simplen Faktum in infantiler Weise beide Augen fest zudrücken, sehen inzwischen selbst Militäranalysten in dieser Hinsicht klar.

Anfang Dezember 2016 berichtete der britische Guardian über die drastischen Klimawandel-Warnungen des Global Military Advisory Council, eines internationalen Netzwerkes von Militärs, das die „sicherheitspolitischen“ Implikationen der Klimakrise analysiert. Demnach könnte der Klimawandel im 21. Jahrhundert eine „unvorstellbare“ Flüchtlingskrise auslösen, die Massenflucht zu einer „neuen Normalität“ machen werde.

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21. Dezember 2016 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Fotoreportage: Heat, Hunger and War Force Africans Onto a ‘Road on Fire’ · Kategorien: Afrika · Tags: ,

Quelle: New York Times

Text by SOMINI SENGUPTA, Photographs and video by JOSH HANER

AGADEZ, Niger — The world dismisses them as economic migrants. The law treats them as criminals who show up at a nation’s borders uninvited. Prayers alone protect them on the journey across the merciless Sahara.

But peel back the layers of their stories and you find a complex bundle of trouble and want that prompts the men and boys of West Africa to leave home, endure beatings and bribes, board a smuggler’s pickup truck and try to make a living far, far away.

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01. Dezember 2016 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Climate change will stir ‚unimaginable‘ refugee crisis, says military“ · Kategorien: Großbritannien · Tags:

Quelle: The Guardian | 01.12.2016

Unchecked global warming is greatest threat to 21st-century security where mass migration could be ‘new normal’, say senior military

Damian Carrington

Climate change is set to cause a refugee crisis of “unimaginable scale”, according to senior military figures, who warn that global warming is the greatest security threat of the 21st century and that mass migration will become the “new normal”.

The generals said the impacts of climate change were already factors in the conflicts driving a current crisis of migration into Europe, having been linked to the Arab Spring, the war in Syria and the Boko Haram terrorist insurgency.

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26. November 2016 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „The small African region with more refugees than all of Europe“ · Kategorien: Afrika · Tags: ,

Quelle: The Guardian | 26.11.2016

Hunger follows displaced people around north-east Nigeria, as Boko Haram and climate change drive millions from their homes

Patrick Kingsley

As Ali Kawu eases his handcart to a halt on a recent morning in north-east Nigeria, it is the first time he has dared to stop walking in more than 24 hours.

A day earlier, at 8am, Boko Haram militants raided his village. Kawu, 25, escaped with what he could – his wife, their three children, and kindling for a fire. They left behind their papers, six sacks of beans, up to 15 dead neighbours, and 10 kidnapped villagers. Then they walked all day and all night.

“Every minute I would look back to see if they were following us,” Kawu says, shortly after reaching the safety of Monguno, a town recaptured from Boko Haram last year. “Walking forward, looking back, walking forward, looking back. I thought it was the end of my life.”

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25. September 2016 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Klimaflüchtlinge: „Il secolo buio dei rifugiati ambientali“ · Kategorien: andere Länder, Italien · Tags: ,

Quelle: Il Manifesto

Immigrazione. Si è tenunto ieri a Milano, su iniziativa della parlamentare europea Barbara Spinelli (Gue), un convegno internazionale sugli effetti della crisi climatica e ambientale sugli spostamenti delle popolazioni. Secondo l’Onu, entro il 2050 ci saranno più di 200 milioni di rifugiati costretti a fuggire non per un conflitto ma per disastri che non si possono più definire naturali. Tra gli obiettivi della giornata di lavori, una campagna a livello europeo per definire lo status giuridico del rifugiato ambientale nel diritto internazionale

Luca Fazio

In Europa, e nel mondo, non sono previsti cambi di strategia per gestire il fenomeno delle migrazioni che sta destabilizzando economie e società di un pianeta violentato da uno sviluppo insostenibile. Dove la guerra è il corollario dell’ideologia dominante. Per restare alla cronaca, lo dice il fallimento dei due summit sui rifugiati di Bratislava e New York (Onu). Tra gli indicatori del disastro, con la retorica di capi o capetti di Stato, c’è uno scandalo: in un anno l’Europa, 500 milioni di abitanti, ha ricollocato 5.290 rifugiati sui 160 mila previsti. Solo profughi di guerra, gli unici ad aver diritto all’asilo in virtù della distinzione tra chi fugge da un conflitto e chi emigra per motivi economici. Viste le premesse, sono ancora più urgenti le analisi fornite dai relatori del convegno Il secolo dei rifugiati ambientali? che si è tenuto ieri a Milano su iniziativa di Barbara Spinelli, parlamentare del Gruppo della Sinistra Europea (troppi gli interventi, moderati da Guido Viale, per poterne dare conto diffusamente).

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