15. März 2018 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „UN-Bericht zu Libyen: Brutale Milizen als Partner Deutschlands?“ · Kategorien: Deutschland, Libyen · Tags: , ,

ARD Tagesschau | 15.03.2018

Deutschland unterstützt Libyens Regierung – vor allem, um Flüchtlinge von der EU fernzuhalten. Laut Monitor erhebt ein unveröffentlichter UN-Bericht nun schwere Vorwürfe gegen Sicherheitskräfte in dem Land.

Von Nikolaus Steiner und Naima El Moussaoui, WDR

Die Hiebe der Peitsche sind deutlich zu hören. Immer wieder schlägt sie auf den Gefolterten ein. Sein Rücken ist von offenen Wunden übersät. Er fleht: „Bitte, bitte schickt das Geld!“ Es sind schockierende Videos, die vor einigen Wochen im Netz auftauchten. Darin zu sehen sind sudanesische Flüchtlinge, die in Libyen blutig geschlagen und mit brennender Flüssigkeit übergossen werden. Die Videos wurden an Angehörige geschickt, um von ihnen Lösegeld zu erpressen.

Rund 2500 Kilometer entfernt, in Frankreich, sitzt Abu B. und weint. In den Videos sehe man, wie zwei seiner Brüder schwer misshandelt würden, erzählt er Reportern des belgischen Fernsehens. „Sie wollen 10.000 Euro, damit sie freikommen“, sagt er und verstummt. Und Abu B. ist kein Einzelfall.

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12. März 2018 · Kommentare deaktiviert für UN Libya Experts Panel report [4] · Kategorien: Libyen · Tags: ,

Libya Herald | 10.03.2018

Situation of human rights in Libya continues to deteriorate: UN Libya Experts Panel report

By Sami Zaptia

In the section on violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, the UN Libya Experts Forum report said that ‘‘The situation of human rights in Libya continues to deteriorate, highlighted by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights at the end of his visit to Libya on 12 October 2017.

In the absence of a functioning security and justice sector, policing and detention tasks are delegated to state-affiliated armed groups. An increasing number of armed groups subscribing to the Salafi-Madkhali ideology are in charge of the security sector in Libya. They are also taking control of social and religious institutions.

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12. März 2018 · Kommentare deaktiviert für UN Libya Experts Panel report [3] · Kategorien: Libyen · Tags: ,

Libya Herald | 10.03.2018

Diversion of state funds and financing of armed groups: UN Libya Experts Panel report

By Sami Zaptia

On the topic of the diversion of state funds and financing of armed groups, the 157-page UN Libya Experts Panel report said that ‘‘The launching of operations Dignity and Dawn, respectively in May and July 2014, not only constituted a significant deterioration in the political and security situation in Libya, but also dramatically accelerated the depletion of Libya’s wealth.

The absence of effective control mechanisms, complicity of members of the political establishment and empowerment of armed groups have led to unprecedented levels of diversion. While at first motivated by a will to finance political and military operations, members of those networks have since developed networks of private interests across the board. For instance, letters of credit, debit cards, fuel smuggling, trafficking of subsidized products and extra-budgetary expenses have all been channels of diversion used by armed groups (and their sponsors) to finance themselves through one source: diversion of Libya state funds.

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12. März 2018 · Kommentare deaktiviert für UN Libya Experts Panel report [2] · Kategorien: Libyen · Tags: ,

Libya Herald | 11.03.2018

Libyan militias continue to benefit from external weapons support: UN Libya Experts Panel report

By Sami Zaptia

Armed groups within Libya continue to benefit from external support including the provision of materiel, targeted airstrikes at night and sophisticated munitions, the UN Libya Experts Panel report states in its section on the implementation of the arms embargo.

‘‘Armed groups within Libya continue to benefit from external support in terms of both direct interventions and in the provision of materiel. Such support includes high-end capabilities such as targeted airstrikes at night and sophisticated munitions. Bordering countries continue to see military materiel transiting from Libya, including armoured vehicles.

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12. März 2018 · Kommentare deaktiviert für UN Libya Experts Panel report [1] · Kategorien: Italien, Libyen · Tags: , , , , ,

Libya Herald | 11.03.2018

Most Libyan militias involved in illegal migration activities nominally affiliated to official state security institutions: UN Libya Experts Panel report

By Sami Zaptia

Most Libyan militias involved in illegal migration activities are nominally affiliated to official state security institutions, the UN Libya Experts Panel report states in its section on human trafficking and financing of armed groups.

‘‘Armed groups, which were party to larger political-military coalitions, have specialized in illegal smuggling activities, notably human smuggling and trafficking. The drastic rise in the numbers of migrants starting in 2014 indicates that illegal migration in Libya is not the preserve of isolated armed groups but of much larger coalitions. Most armed groups involved in these illegal activities were nominally affiliated to official security institutions. In 2014, the number of migrants that took the central Mediterranean route (great majority through Libya) was 170,664, compared to 45,298 and 15,151, respectively in 2013 and 2012.

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08. Februar 2018 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Human smugglers in Libya have links to security services: U.N. report“ · Kategorien: Libyen · Tags: , ,

Reuters | 08.02.2018

Michelle Nichols

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) – Most armed groups involved in human smuggling and trafficking in Libya have links to the country’s official security institutions, sanctions experts said in a confidential report to a U.N. Security Council committee seen by Reuters on Wednesday.

People smugglers operating with impunity in Libya have sent hundreds of thousands of migrants to Europe, mainly Italy, by sea since 2014. Thousands have died during the voyages.

“Armed groups, which were party to larger political-military coalitions, have specialized in illegal smuggling activities, notably human smuggling and trafficking,” experts reported to the 15-member Security Council committee. They said most of these armed groups “were nominally affiliated to official security institutions.”

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24. Januar 2018 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Migration durch Libyen: Im Land der Menschenhändler“ · Kategorien: Libyen · Tags: , ,

taz | 23.01.2018

Videos zeigen Folterungen von Migranten und sorgen für Entsetzen. Dabei geht es um erpresserische Geschäfte mit deren Familien.

TUNIS taz | In sozialen Netzwerken geteilte Videos über die grausame Misshandlung von Migranten sorgen in Libyen für Entsetzen. Von Milizionären und Menschenhändlern selbst aufgenommen Videosequenzen zeigen auf dem Boden liegende Migranten aus dem Sudan, die mit brühend heißem Silikon übergossen wurden.

Auf einem der Handy­videos richtet ein Mann seine Kalaschnikow auf einen sich vor Schmerzen windenden nackten Mann, ein neben dem filmenden Milizionär stehender weiterer Täter lässt teils brennende Flüssigkeit auf das Opfer tropfen, dessen Haut sichtbar verätzt wird.

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06. Januar 2018 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „PC forces try to grab Ras Jedir border post from Amazigh“ · Kategorien: Libyen · Tags: ,

Libya Herald | 05.01.2017

By Jamie Prentis

Forces loyal to the Presidency Council (PC) are challenging the long-standing Amazigh control of the key Ras Jedir border crossing to Tunisia.

At dawn today forces led by Usama Juwaili, the western region military commander appointed by the Presidency Council, advanced towards border areas controlled by militias from the predominately Amazigh town of Zuwara.

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29. Dezember 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Ouster of a brutal militia from Libya’s smuggling hub chokes off migrant flow“ · Kategorien: Libyen · Tags: ,

The Washington Post | 28.12.2017

By Sudarsan Raghavan

SABRATHA, Libya — For nearly two years, this ancient, beachfront city, famed for its Roman ruins, was one of North Africa’s largest smuggling hubs, a gateway for tens of thousands of migrants seeking better futures in Europe. Now, there are none on the beaches where hundreds of rickety boats once ferried them to Italy illegally, none in the migrant detention center where they ended up when an attempt failed.

At the five-star West Tallil Holiday resort, the white, two-story villas once housed as many as 3,000 migrants at a time waiting to set sail. Their traffickers, who had seized the hotel, had erected sand dunes along the beach to hide them from Libyan coast guard patrols and curious swimmers.

The resort is now empty, as are the smugglers’ other safe houses.

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22. November 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für “EU-Africa migration funds were used on Libya’s coast guard patrol vessels“ · Kategorien: EU, Italien, Libyen · Tags: , ,

The Medi Telegraph | 16.11.2017

Genoa – EU international cooperation funding destined for development projects in Africa was used to refurbish patrol boats for Libya’s coast guard, and handed over to Libyan militia units who practice torture and extrajudicial killings, in violation of Libyan and international standards.

Genoa – EU international cooperation funding destined for development projects in Africa was used to refurbish patrol boats for Libya’s coast guard, and handed over to Libyan militia units who practice torture and extrajudicial killings, in violation of Libyan and international standards. While a chilling CNN video that showed migrants being auctioned off as slaves has opened a moral debate (only yesterday, the UN High Commissioner described the agreement signed by Italy and the EU with Libya as “inhuman”), now the Italian government will have to respond also to allegations that it acted illegitimately by providing funding to authorities in Tripoli. The ASGI, an Italian association of immigration lawyers, has lodged a complaint with Lazio’s Regional Court, in which it contests a 2.5 million euro payment by Italy’s Interior Ministry for the refurbishment of four patrol boats operated by Libya’s coast guard for coastal border control.

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