Das Mitiga-Internierungslager am Flughafen Tripolis dient auch zur extralegalen Haft sowie der Folter und Erpressung von Boat-people. Es wird von der Special Deterrence Force (SDF) in Tripolis betrieben, mithin dem Innenministerium und dem Präsidentenpalast unter Serraj. Gegen alle drei Instanzen wird ermittelt, wie der „Libya Observer“ mitteilt. Die IOM nutzte das Lager für Abschiebungen. Die UN-Menschenrechtskommission veröffentlichte am 20.12.2018 einen umfangreichen Bericht über die Menschenrechtslage von Flüchtlingen und MigrantInnen in Libyen, in dem auch Folter, Erpressung Angehöriger, völlige Rechtlosigkeit und extralegale Hinrichtungen im Internierungslager Mitiga dokumentiert sind. Hier Auszüge aus dem UN-Bericht, unten der Artikel des „Libya Observer“.
[…] migrants and refugees are vulnerable to being arbitrarily arrested and detained, including by armed groups nominally under the control of the Ministry of Interior, in relation to accusations of theft, drug-related offences, sex work, alcohol consumption, and terrorism. Hundreds are thus held, most without charge or trial for prolonged periods or following grossly unfair trials. UNSMIL documented that migrants and refugees held at facilities under the Ministry of Interior, in particular at the Mitiga detention facility controlled by the Special Deterrence Force armed group in Tripoli, are subjected to torture and other ill-treatment, forced labour, prolonged solitary confinement, and inhuman detention conditions.
Security forces in Libya, including armed groups integrated into the Ministry of Interior, have used excessive or unwarranted lethal force against migrants and refugees in the course of law
enforcement operations, leading to loss of life and injury. (S. 6)
Those held at facilities under the Ministry of Interior are systematically denied any due process rights and the opportunity to challenge the legality of their detention. This is most notably the case in the Mitiga detention facility controlled by the Special Deterrence Force (SDF) armed group, nominally integrated into the Ministry of Interior, where some migrants have been held for over two years incommunicado without being referred to judicial authorities and without access to lawyers and consular services.
SURVIVOR VOICES AND ACCOUNTS ARBITRARY DETENTION
A Nigerian man, who had lived and worked in Libya for 18 years, spent over one year held in the Mitiga detention centre without charge or trial after being handed over to SDF by armed men who kidnapped him in the street and collected a ransom from his wife. In April 2017, he and dozens of other migrants were transferred from Mitiga detention centre to the DCIM detention centre at Tarik al-Sikka. He was deported in December 2017 for being in the country illegally. He had no opportunity to explain that his residence had lapsed because he had been in detention. While held at the Mitiga detention centre, he was forced to construct and paint prison cells. He was also beaten, held in solitary confinement for six months, slept on cardboard and rags, and was denied medicaltreatment and family visits. (S. 48)
ICC starts probe into violations at Tripoli-based Mitiga prison
Written By: AbdulkaderAssad
The Libyan Human Rights Solidarity organization said Tuesday on Facebook that the International Criminal Court (ICC) had opened an investigation into human rights violations at Mitiga prison that is run by Special Deterrence Force (SDF) in Tripoli.
The organization added that it had received a letter from the ICC’s chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, saying the ICC was conducting an investigation based on a complaint it lodged last year against the SDF, Interior Ministry and the Presidential Council.
„We filed last October a complaint of 28 documents and 193 papers that included testimonies for violations done by SDF members against prisoners, such as forcing them to remain inside cells, torture and summary executions.“ The organization explained.
It also said that is preparing two additional complaints to send them to the Attorney General’s office for violations in Benghazi and Al-Bayda and for violations done by forces under Khalifa Haftar’s command in Derna in 2018.