Nach Berichten hat die serbische Regierung damit begonnen, in der Nähe von Preševo einen Zaun zu bauen.
La Serbie a commencé à édifier une clôture métallique sur sa frontière avec la Macédoine du Nord, près de Preševo. Le maire de cette commune, Shqiprim Arifi, a confirmé à Radio Free Europe que la construction de cette clôture faisait partie d’un accord avec l’Union européenne (UE). « Nous pensons que la clôture a pour fonction de sécuriser davantage les frontières des pays extérieurs à l’UE face aux réfugiés, qui vont finir par revenir de manière massive sur la route des Balkans. » Shqiprim Arifi ajoute qu’il a « personnellement de sérieuses réserves » sur cette façon de traiter les réfugiés. Les autorités serbes refusent de communiquer toute information sur cette clôture.
Am 20. 08. wurde auf der gleichen Seite gemeldet, dass der Kanton Bihać sein Territorium für Migrant*innen und Geflüchtete geschlossen habe.
Bosnie-Herzégovine : le canton de Bihać interdit d’accès aux migrants
20 août – 8h30 : Le canton d’Una Sana (nord-ouest de la Bosnie) a décidé d’interdire l’accès de son territoire et tout déplacement aux migrants et aux réfugiés. La police a reçu la consigne d’arrêter les autobus qui les transporteraient. Plusieurs milliers de réfugiés se trouvent dans le canton, principalement à Bihać et à Velika Kladuša, espérant passer en Croatie voisine.
Offenbar geht diese Maßnahme mit der Schließung der informellen Camps einher. Im Rundschreiben der Inicijativa Dobrodošli!/Welcome! Initiative vom 20.08.20 heißt es:
Last week, Una-Sana Canton authorities ordered the forced removal of an informal camp located in Polje, at the entrance to Velika Kladuša, home to hundreds of people denied access to formal camps, mostly young men and unaccompanied children. The action was carried out with the use of force, in such a way that the people were expelled without receiving any help.
No Name Kitchen reports that an anti-immigrant protest took place a few days later and that on the same day someone set fire to an abandoned house where a group of young men lived, and whose personal belongings had burned down. Although the fire was most likely set, it is difficult to prove it, and the media are already insinuating that the fire was set by the migrants themselves.
On the same occasion, Trans-Balkan Solidarity sent an appeal to the media accompanied by a gallery of photographs of the lives of people on the move in Velika Kladuša, which, among other things, reads as follows:
“We, therefore, call on the media to follow the situation in Velika Kladuša and Krajina, and to report on it to the public in a professional manner, respecting ethics and not using hate speech. We believe that the media should continuously report on the consequences of the rigid and dehumanizing European border control regime and not allow the normalization of this human and political tragedy. It is especially important that the media closely monitor the actions of the police, which by force, brutality and humiliation systematically expel people on the move and shape this cruel and unbearable reality in Velika Kladuša and other places.
We call on humanitarian organizations to provide assistance to all the injured and hungry. We call on humanitarian organizations not to turn their heads away from them and to do everything to end this humanitarian catastrophe – by strengthening the critical voice and making ethical political decisions.
We call on the authorities at all levels in BiH as well as the Croatian authorities to end deportations and violence against people on the move, and to finally take responsibility for potential asylum seekers. The Law on Asylum was passed to provide protection to all those in need.
We call on lawyers dealing with international law and human rights to get involved and ensure that the rights of all are respected. We believe that it is high time to establish a strong and cooperative network of lawyers who will advocate for the human rights and freedoms of the people on the move and fight against oppressive, discriminatory and violent systems and regimes.
We call on non-governmental organizations and citizens from BiH and the region that have the capacity to get involved in helping people on the move and to advocate for freedom of movement and security for all those who have been exiled and betrayed by imperial, colonial, racist, neoliberal and war policies.”
A fence is currently being built on the Serbian border towards Northern Macedonia, while migrant routes from Kosovo in the Presevo and Toplice regions are still active.
Serbian media recently reminded of research conducted in 2018. Social workers Mia Kisić and Anđa Petrović interviewed 91 women from Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan who were staying at the Asylum Centre in Krnjača at the time. The research was published by ADRA Serbia in 2019 and gives a unique insight into the everyday life of these women, shared by many refugee and migrant women who are in Serbia. Read the research findings here.
ASGI from Italy sent an open letter to the Italian government and UNHCR last week because of the so-called unofficial readmissions on the border with Slovenia, i.e. illegal expulsions that often result in chain pushbacks. In an open letter, ASGI demands from the Government to stop illegal readmissions on the Italian-Slovenian border; to send precise instructions for respecting the right to asylum to peripheral government offices, in particular, the right to access the territory and seek international protection; and urgent submission of a report on the situation on the eastern border to the Parliament, with the submission of all necessary information and special reporting on the operational procedures by which the readmissions were carried out. They demand from UNHCR public positioning in relation to the mentioned illegal readmissions and implementation of effective direct monitoring on the eastern border.