Schweizer Reporter haben eine illegale Abschiebung an der EU-Außengrenze dokumentiert. Flüchtlinge schildern, wie brutal sie behandelt wurden.

Kroatische Polizei bei illegaler Abschiebung gefilmt

Kroatien schiebt Flüchtlinge an der grünen Grenze illegal nach Bosnien ab. Das verstösst gegen EU- und Völkerrecht

[…] Was aus der Ferne wie eine Grenzwanderung am Balkan aussieht, ist eine illegale Abschiebung von Flüchtlingen an der kroatischen EU-Aussengrenze. «Rundschau»-Reporter dokumentieren an zwei Tagen vier sogenannte Push-Backs. Die vier Aktionen betreffen rund 70 Menschen, hauptsächlich aus Pakistan, Algerien und Afghanistan.

Knüppelhiebe und zerstörte Handys

Die «Rundschau» konnte direkt nach den Push-Backs mit den betroffenen Migranten reden. Es ist das erste Mal, dass diese illegalen Ausschaffungen an der EU-Aussengrenze vollständig dokumentiert werden können.

Die Betroffenen berichteten übereinstimmend, dass sie von der kroatischen Polizei ohne Verfahren an der grünen Grenze nach Bosnien zurückgeschafft worden seien. Bei den Push-Backs sei von kroatischen Beamten auch Gewalt angewendet worden. […]

SRF | 14.05.2019

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In diesem Zusammenhang schreibt die Welcome! Initiative Zagreb:

The creation of preconditions for Croatia’s entry into Schengen is visible in the both on the field and diplomacy – while the Croatian border police continues to prevent the entry of refugees into the country and does not restrain from using violent methods, Minister Božinović received praises from Bavarian Minister of Interior, Sports and Integration, Joachim Herrman, on the work of Croatian police and protection of Croatian Borders. The border area of the European Union seems to have become a mirror in which politics sees only itself and those who “pat it on the back”, while they refuse to face with the reality.

News about opening a new shelter for asylum seekers in the village of Mala Gorica in the vicinity of Petrinja has been circulating for a while in the public and disturbed Petrinja’s War Veterans Initiative. The Initiative has so far launched a petition against the construction of the shelter, and recently announced the blockade of the state road to Petrinja and Sisak on the day of elections for the EU Parliament if they did not comply with their request to withdraw from the construction of the shelter. The Ministry of Internal Affairs yesterday published a press release telling the public that because of the refusal of the local community to open the shelter there, pushed them away from the idea. The funds provided for this purpose will be redirected to the reconstruction of the existing reception capacities and to the reconstruction of a number of flats owned by the Republic of Croatia for the accommodation of refugees. The script we are witnessing reminds us of the one in 2004 when the leadership of the Ministry of Internal Affairs tried to build an emplacement in the area of ​​Stubicka Slatina with the EU funds, and the citizens opposed it almost the same way as today.

The Welcome! Initiative reminds that in the period of 15 years it has not been learned what integration is, and this is where the state institutions have failed. Institutions have deliberately chosen isolated locations for the accommodation of the needy (such as Male Gorica) in which coexistence with the local community cannot be realized, and the cooperation and open dialogue with the local community is reduced to one forum. Integration is a process that requires time and active engagement of all parties – local communities, institutions and new members of society. For years, Croatian institutions have shown that the policy of integration is actually ignorant – not just towards refugees but also to the local community. Withdrawal from the construction of a shelter in any community is not a solution to the problem but putting the problem under the carpet – because the communities reject the coexistence with refugees coming to Croatia wherever the accommodation facilities are opened.

Although there are currently fewer refugees in Croatia that applied for international protection, or such was recognized, many organizations, initiatives, and individuals work hard to support and create a prerequisite for a friendly society and prevent human rights violations. For example, the Croatian Law Center strengthened its engagement in providing legal aid in the Reception Centre Porin and their lawyers are now present there every day from 9 am to 5 pm. Volunteers of the Centre for Peace Studies who once carried out their activities at the Reception Center and are now banned from by the Ministry of Internal Affairs with the explanation that there is no need for their assistance – they started conducting activities outside and around the Reception Centre Porin because the needs survey showed that every support is very much needed and welcomed. The Medecins du Monde Organization held the first of a total of three coordination meetings on the development of the Guidelines for Dealing with Cases of Sexual Violence Against Children and Women Refugees and Asylum Seekers. Guidelines should encourage cooperation between competent bodies in this area, educate professional staff and assist victims of violence.

Last week, an international conference has presented the Danube Compass – integration tool/compass for foreigners. Different actors have stated how such a tool will be very much used in their work with foreigners, which will hopefully motivate institutions in charge of integration for its maintenance and use.

In addition, this week, an international conference on inclusion in education was organized in Zagreb, bringing together the SIRIUS network and the Network of Education Policy Centers, which brought together experts on three key thematic areas: socio-economic inequalities, evaluation of multilingualism in the classroom and research of synergy between informal and formal education. This was an opportunity for the training of educational professionals who, as research shows, lack the knowledge of interculturality in working with children of migrant origin.

The City Council of Bihać unanimously made a decision to open a new accommodation facility for refugees – in Vučijak, a suburb near Plješevica, near the border with Croatia. There they found an object that meets the necessary conditions for refugee accommodation, and authorities have announced that this move will move refugees from the temporary center of Bira or the center of Bihać to the EU border. Although the new facility could provide better reception conditions for refugees in Bosnia, this move is an indication of how countries in the region share an ignorant integration policy.

Pushbacks nach Bosnien