The New Humanitarian hat einen Report aus dem Jahr 2016 gepostet, der einen Einblick in die Lebensumstände in der Grenzregion zu Südsudan gibt. Es bleibt nun abzuwarten, ob die Vereinbarung der neuen Regierung mit der SPLA-N an der Situation etwas ändert.
Blue Nile sits on the southern frontier of Sudan, where war has raged for more than 60 years. It’s the second front of the Sudanese rebel resistance movement. The first is to the west, in South Kordofan’s Nuba Mountains. The fight is a continuation of the struggle that birthed the world’s newest nation, an independent South Sudan, in 2011. Characterised by mass displacement and severe hunger, the humanitarian crisis has been compounded by the evacuation of all aid organisations. More than 10 peace deals have fizzled since the conflict re-ignited only a few months after South Sudan became independent. Its frontlines are largely stagnant. […]
There isn’t much in SPLA-N-controlled Blue Nile, including people. Today, there are only about 80,000. More original inhabitants live outside the state than inside. More than 130,000 are in refugee camps across the border in Maban County in South Sudan; another 40,000 are in camps in Ethiopia. According to a 2008 census, Blue Nile State as a whole, including both government and rebel-held areas, numbered 800,000 people. […]
Travelling from South Sudan, it’s surprisingly easy to enter Blue Nile. The opposition army in Sudan gets no trouble from its former comrades-in-arms, the SPLA, which runs South Sudan but which for two years has presided over its own bitter and tragic civil war. Passes are obtained in the capital, Juba, and it’s about a three-hour flight, including the layover in Maban in the far north of South Sudan’s Upper Nile State. On the outskirts of Bunj, the main town in Maban County, are four sprawling refugee camps in which 130,000 people now reside.
Anmerkung: In dem Bericht wird Malik Agaar, the leader of SPLA in the Blue Nile, als eine der Informationsquellen erwähnt. Zu dieser Person ein Kommentar aus Khartoum:
He is a man with no honor, ready to sell the cause of his people for a handful of money. And he is corrupt to the bone. Despite all the before mentioned information he is still getting support and money from the so-called western world in the name of the marginalized people of the Blue Nile!!! I wrote essays about all this, unfortunately in Arabic. I believe reform among the SPLA Blue Nile sector is badly required. The atrocities in the Blue Nile are not less than what is happening in Darfur or Nuba Mountains, but it lacks the real leaders to take it to the light.