Unter Androhung hoher Zölle hat die Trump-Administration gegenüber der mexikanischen Regierung eine Vorverlageruung der Grenze an die mexikanische Südgrenze durchgesetzt.

Die NYT zitiert die Joint Declaration vom 07.06.2019:

“The United States and Mexico met this week to address the shared challenges of irregular migration, to include the entry of migrants into the United States in violation of U.S. law. Given the dramatic increase in migrants moving from Central America through Mexico to the United States, both countries recognize the vital importance of rapidly resolving the humanitarian emergency and security situation. The Governments of the United States and Mexico will work together to immediately implement a durable solution.
“As a result of these discussions, the United States and Mexico commit to:

Mexican Enforcement Surge

“Mexico will take unprecedented steps to increase enforcement to curb irregular migration, to include the deployment of its National Guard throughout Mexico, giving priority to its southern border. Mexico is also taking decisive action to dismantle human smuggling and trafficking organizations as well as their illicit financial and transportation networks. Additionally, the United States and Mexico commit to strengthen bilateral cooperation, including information sharing and coordinated actions to better protect and secure our common border.

Migrant Protection Protocols

“The United States will immediately expand the implementation of the existing Migrant Protection Protocols across its entire Southern Border. This means that those crossing the U.S. Southern Border to seek asylum will be rapidly returned to Mexico where they may await the adjudication of their asylum claims.
“In response, Mexico will authorize the entrance of all of those individuals for humanitarian reasons, in compliance with its international obligations, while they await the adjudication of their asylum claims. Mexico will also offer jobs, health care and education according to its principles.
“The United States commits to work to accelerate the adjudication of asylum claims and to conclude removal proceedings as expeditiously as possible.

Further Actions

“Both parties also agree that, in the event the measures adopted do not have the expected results, they will take further actions. Therefore, the United States and Mexico will continue their discussions on the terms of additional understandings to address irregular migrant flows and asylum issues, to be completed and announced within 90 days, if necessary.

Ongoing Regional Strategy

“The United States and Mexico reiterate their previous statement of December 18, 2018, that both countries recognize the strong links between promoting development and economic growth in southern Mexico and the success of promoting prosperity, good governance and security in Central America. The United States and Mexico welcome the Comprehensive Development Plan launched by the Government of Mexico in concert with the Governments of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras to promote these goals. The United States and Mexico will lead in working with regional and international partners to build a more prosperous and secure Central America to address the underlying causes of migration, so that citizens of the region can build better lives for themselves and their families at home.”

New York Times | 07.06.2019


[…] Kurz vor einem Treffen hochrangiger Regierungsvertreter in Washington haben die mexikanischen Sicherheitskräfte im Süden des Landes einen Einsatz gegen Migranten aus Mittelamerika gestartet. Soldaten, Polizisten und Beamten der Einwanderungsbehörde riegelten am Mittwoch Strassen im Gliedstaat Chiapas ab, wie der Fernsehsender Milenio TV berichtete. Sie wollten damit eine Gruppe von rund 1000 Einwanderern stoppen, die kurz zuvor die Grenze zwischen Guatemala und Mexiko überschritten hatte. Der amerikanische Aussenminister Mike Pompeo und sein mexikanischer Kollege Marcelo Ebrard wollen sich am Nachmittag (Ortszeit) in Washington treffen, um über Migration und Zölle zu beraten. Der amerikanische Präsident Donald Trump hatte angekündigt, alle Importe aus Mexiko mit Strafzöllen zu belegen, sollte das Nachbarland nicht entschlossener gegen die illegale Migration vorgehen …“ – aus der dpa-Meldung „Kurz vor dem amerikanisch-mexikanischen Treffen zu den angedrohten US-Strafzöllen geht Mexiko mit seinem Militär gegen Migranten vor“ vom 05. Juni 2019 (hier bei der NZZ online), woraus deutlich wird, wie sehr man sich in Mexiko bemüht, dem Diktat aus Washington Folge zu leisten. Was der mexikanische Minister an Zahlen und sonstigen Durchführungen berichtete und warum Trump seine Mauer wohl nicht mehr braucht …

Labournet | 07.06.2019

USA-Mexiko: Externalisierung der Grenze