03. Oktober 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Italy’s deal to stem flow of people from Libya in danger of collapse“ · Kategorien: Italien, Libyen · Tags:

The Guardian | 04.10.2017

Number of people crossing Mediterranean rises again amid power struggle between rival factions in Libyan human-trafficking port

A key pillar of the Italian government’s effort to stem the politically toxic issue of people crossing the Mediterranean from Libya to southern Italy is in danger of collapse as a result of a bloody power struggle in the key Libyan port of Sabratha, the epicentre of human trafficking to Italy.

The Italian prime minister, Paolo Gentiloni, had hailed an 80% drop in the number of migrants reaching Italy in July and August, but the number of migrants suddenly started rising again last month as the Sabratha power struggle unfolded, suggesting rival gangs, fighting for control of the profitable business, may not prove reliable partners for the Italians.

The strategy to stem the flow of people from Libya – largely masterminded by the Italian interior minister, Marco Minniti – is seen by the governing Democratic party (PD) as critical to its fortunes in elections next spring.

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28. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Fewer clashes in Sabratha but tension remains high“ · Kategorien: Italien, Libyen · Tags: ,

Libya Herald | 27.09.2017

Clashes continued today in Sabratha, 80 kilometres west of Tripoli, between the Anti-IS Operations Room and the 48th Battalion although the intensity of fighting was much reduced according to an official in the town who asked not to be identified. Occasional firing of both small and heavy weapons could be heard, he said, but no deaths or serious injuries had been reported among either the combatants or the civilian population. The town remained tense, however, he explained.

He claimed that the Operations Room had gained the upper hand so far in the fighting – a claim denied by Ahmed Dabashi, the head of the local Amu brigade which overlaps with the 48th; many members of the former are also members of the latter and thereby receive an official salary. However, this evening there were unconfirmed reports that the operations room had taken Sabratha hospital.

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27. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Rescue ship says Libyan coast guard shot at and boarded it, seeking migrants“ · Kategorien: Italien, Libyen · Tags: , ,

Reuters | 26.09.2017

Steve Scherer

ROME (Reuters) – A Libyan coast guard vessel fired shots and boarded a humanitarian ship in the Mediterranean on Tuesday, demanding that the migrants on board be handed over to them, a spokesman for the Mission Lifeline charity said.

“The Libyan man said: ‘This is our territory,’” said Axel Steier, a spokesman for the German-based charity that performed its first rescues on Tuesday.

“After a while, they fired shots,” he said, probably into the air or sea. No one was wounded.

Afterward two Libyans boarded the Lifeline ship to try to persuade them to hand over some 70 migrants they had just taken off a wooden boat in international waters.

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26. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Sabratha fighting rages on as many townspeople flee“ · Kategorien: Italien, Libyen · Tags: ,

Libya Herald | 25.09.2017

Sabratha hospital has issued an urgent call for trauma kits and blood as the fighting in the town continued for a tenth day, with at least 17 dead and 48 wounded since the violence began.

So pressed is the hospital that casualties are being sent elsewhere. A woman hit by shrapnel today in her kitchen was transferred to Zuwara for treatment

Thus far all mediation attempts by local elders have failed, with two uneasy truces quickly breaking down. The Libya Red Crescent has reportedly evacuated almost all the population from the old part of two where the fighting has become fiercest.

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25. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „West courts Libyan general accused of human rights abuses“ · Kategorien: Libyen · Tags: , ,

The Guardian | 25.09.2017

Ex-CIA asset Khalifa Haftar, due to meet Italian officials in Rome, ordered soldiers to commit war crimes, according to legal experts

Stephanie Kirchgaessner in Rome and Ruth Michaelson in Cairo

European leaders are embracing a Libyan general who has ordered his soldiers to commit war crimes, according to new evidence that has been analysed by senior legal experts.

The allegation of human rights abuses by Gen Khalifa Haftar, a former CIA asset who controls nearly half of Libya from his base in the east, comes as the general is due to arrive in Rome on Tuesday, where he will be received by Italian officials. The visit is a radical departure for Italy, who had previously shunned Haftar and seen him as a major obstacle to stability in the region because of his refusal to recognise the UN-backed government in the west.

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22. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Fighting intensifies in Sabratha as militias blame each other“ · Kategorien: Libyen · Tags:

Libya Herald | 21.09.2017

Fighting intensifies in Sabratha as militias blame each other

Fighting in Sabratha between the 48th Brigade along with its allies and the rival Anti-ISIS Operations Room (AIOR) intensified today after efforts yesterday by elders from Zawia and Zintan to broker a ceasefire collapsed. Both sides have blamed the other for the failure of the ceasefire, with each demanding that the other withdraw.

According to the Sabratha media centre, AIOR demanded that the 48th brigade withdraw to its headquarters and allow the national security directorate to take over the town centre. AIOR, however, is reported to have adamantly refused the same withdrawal request from the mediators. Instead it has accused the brigade of being allied to militants and being involved in people smuggling.

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22. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Armed group ‘seeks legitimacy’ with Tripoli migrant deal · Kategorien: Libyen · Tags: , ,

EurActiv | 22.09.2017

A powerful armed group, known for smuggling people from Libya, is seeking legitimacy and state security jobs from the Tripoli government in exchange for stopping migrant boats from leaving the coast of Sabratha for Italy, a senior group member said.

The group, the Anas al-Dabbashi brigade, struck a deal with Libya’s United Nations-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) this summer to clamp down on trafficking, the senior brigade member, who gave his name as Mohamed, told Reuters.

The need for the GNA to strike such a deal would illustrate the power of armed groups in western Libya, which continue to hold the real influence locally as they have since a 2011 uprising that ousted Muammar Gaddafi.

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22. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Libyen: Die Milizen wüten weiter · Kategorien: Libyen · Tags: , ,

Die libysche Hauptstadt ist von der Ölzufuhr abgeschnitten und wird versuchen, Öltanker in ihren Hafen umzuleiten. Die Versorgungspipeline hat eine Miliz in der westlibyschen Stadt Zawiya blockiert, aus der in den letzten Jahren viele Boat People losgefahren sind.

El Watan | 21.09.2017

Les milices continuent à sévir

Alors que la crise interlibyenne est dans l’impasse

Un groupe armé a fermé lundi un oléoduc qui approvisionne en essence la capitale libyenne Tripoli, selon l’AFP citant un communiqué de la Compagnie nationale de pétrole (NOC).

D’où une pénurie de carburant. «Un groupe armé est entré de force dans le complexe pétrolier de Zawiya (50 km à l’ouest de Tripoli) lundi (…) obligeant les opérateurs à suspendre l’approvisionnement en carburant des réservoirs de Tripoli», a indiqué la NOC dans un communiqué publié sur son site internet. La NOC a dénoncé un acte de «sabotage» et a «décidé de dérouter les pétroliers à destination du port de Zawya vers celui de Tripoli». «Les niveaux des réservoirs de Tripoli sont encore bons», a assuré la NOC, même si la pénurie d’essence n’a pas tardé à se faire sentir dans la capitale, où plusieurs stations-service sont fermées ou fonctionnaient au ralenti. La NOC a promis «des poursuites pénales» contre les auteurs afin de les contraindre à «rouvrir la ligne immédiatement et sans conditions».

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20. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für Libyen: Wieder mehr Migrantenboote und Kämpfe zwischen „Aufpasser“-Milizen · Kategorien: Italien, Libyen · Tags: , ,

Telepolis | 19.09.2017

5.000 Migranten sollen vergangene Woche im Mittelmeer „aufgegriffen“ worden sein. Im Küstenort Sabratha bekriegen sich zwei Milizen, die von Italien indirekt unterstützt werden, damit sie die illegale Migration unterbinden

Thomas Pany

Skepsis an der italienischen Methode, die Migranten aus Libyen von Europas Küsten fernzuhalten, gab es von Anfang an. Gestern meldete AFP, dass die libysche Küstenwache in der vergangenen Woche über 3.000 Migranten aus dem Mittelmeer „gerettet“ habe und Italien weitere 2.000. Diese neuen Rettungsaktionen, so folgerte die Nachrichtenagentur, zeigen, dass die Route noch immer ziemlich offen sei.

Nach Angaben des Sprechers der libyschen Küstenwache Ayoub Kacem wurden laut AFP in neun Operationen von vergangenem Montag bis Freitag 2.082 Migranten gerettet, eine Frau sei gestorben, am Samstag seien weitere 1.470 Personen „aufgegriffen“ worden. Die Formulierung der Nachrichtenagentur ist etwas unklar, weil daraus nicht deutlich hervorgeht, ob die Personen aus Seenot gerettet wurden oder ob die Boote in Küstennähe „abgefangen“ wurden.

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20. September 2017 · Kommentare deaktiviert für „Grauenhafte Situation in Flüchtlingslagern: Vom Mittelmeer zurück in die Hölle“ · Kategorien: Deutschland, Italien, Libyen · Tags: , ,

taz | 20.09.2017

Von der EU unterstützt, bringt die libysche Küstenwache Migranten zurück nach Libyen. Doch die dortigen Unterkünfte gleichen Folterlagern.

Christian Jakob

Weit über 10.000 Menschen hat die von der EU ausgebildete und unterstützte libysche Küstenwache in den letzten Monaten im Mittelmeer aufgegriffen und nach Libyen zurückgebracht. Nach einer kurzen Versorgung durch die UN-Organisationen UNHCR und IOM geht es für sie geradewegs zurück in die Hölle.

Wie das Auswärtige Amt jetzt in Antworten auf eine Bundestagsanfragen der Linken bestätigt, die der taz vorliegt, werden die Menschen direkt in staatliche Internierungslager des Department for Combating Illegal Migration (DCIM) des libyschen Innenministeriums gebracht.

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